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ʱ:2013-10-8 10:01|鿴:5663|:0|:С

 
 
ѧElephas maximus޴½ִҲǵ͵ڶ½ض󣩡һԼ2.9ף߼¼3.3ףؿɴ6ֲַ֡ڱγ24.6ϵй˫ɵؼǡDzֵ롶Σó׹ԼΣ֮һĶҲйһҰйҰֽ300ͷΣIUCN 2.3


ȷСЩҲҪСһЩܹ2-3׸ߣɴ3000-5000½ϲ鶯ͱСǶһָ״ͻڴͻдϸʹָһԵʹ಻̫ͻһԲһڹȥܵIJѹйءĶȽСԲǰ5ֺֻ4ֺֻ19߹ǣͷͻ𣬱

ͣߴ䣬˳ϺͳԿ͡ԹΪ57ףΪ2.53ףβΪ1.21.5ף30005000ǧˡͨΪɫǰ¡𣬳ΪǻߵλͷȴСͷǹǺܺȻڳףԼĸȻءϹ֫׳ֱڵ棬ĸӣǰ֫5ָ֫4ֺСʱͬʱͬһǰ֫鶯ڶԽϵ֫ͬʱ뿪棬ֵIJΪ㡱ʹһصҡڶ

ӣıǶģʵDZӺϴӳ壬⻬һֱ´棬ͣذȥάɣзḻϵȡʳˮĹߺӵĶһָһͻͻ𲻴󣬵漯˷ḻϸо쳣ʹʮתһĹܡڶ԰УѵصñӰζӡӣܼϵ廨롣ȤǣһûƱӵķʽѺõл߽޺ʹ֮ĵ顣

޵ﻹһѻijųݣΪΪ2ң֧3040ǧˡ޵ųݽ϶̣ͻڿ⡣úܴǾʳĹߣҲDzʱȮݲʳϡÿ๲6öҺܴ󣬳ʿ״ͬʱǷֳÿһֻ4öһߡں֣ǰһĥĵòʱ𽥷ͬһʱÿϡֻ1Ļ2ľʳáÿһʳʹʱݸܹ൱ʱ䣬Դĥ𣬵ĥȻٶȿ졣ݹĥƽ֮󣬳ݸͲյߵݾ˳򢲿ǰšʳݿɹʹһ

ĶҲܴ󣬿Ƚ1ףռdz񣬱˴֮䳣ô硣ڶܶ࣬ɢ棬ԸѵµĴȣȵļǿͣȶֻ䣬ʹѪҺﵽɢȽµĿأȴеӬͼ档

Ϣ

Ҫϲȴּּ֡Ĺȡɽ¡ϡԭּشԺ1000mµִΪ

ϰ

ϲȴּּ֡Ĺȡɽ¡ϡԭּشں1000µĹȡӱߡ֡Ҷ콻εϲȺӣÿȺͷʮͷȣߺγԵ·ʳܴÿҪԵԼ300ϣ󾭳ȺңԻʳԴΪȺÿҪ1820Сʱֻ˯2Сʱ4Сʱϲϡ١ůʪɭ֡Ӧ̬ľұ仯ºͣȽѱÿȺͷʮͷ󲻵ȣһͷǿ׳졣ûй̶Ϣص㣬ֲΧ㡣
 
ʳԣʳҶҰŽҶ«ȡƻ滷˺ͬ༰ðϵƶΪ硢ҹ䣬ʳҪʳòݡҶѿƤǻȵİϢҵҲũ㽶͸ᡣˮDZزٵģ᳤;ȥѰˮԴDzʳԶһҪ16СʱɼʳǵϵͳЧʲߣֻ40%ʳԱգһһֻԳԽ3060ǧʳ60%йȥˡ
 
ϰԣϲȺÿȺͷʮͷȣһͷ깫ΪȺŻûй̶סΧܹ㡣ë٣ƤҪϴԡƤۣе·ʮףƤdzɫϴԡʱĺɫɫ۾ëһֺİ׻󣬰۾һɫʱÿҪ36ǧȥʳѸٱҲܴﵽÿСʱ36ǧ׵ٶȡ

ֳ

ԼΪ600-640죬ÿ̥1УƽΪ50-70ꡣ

Գ뿪ȺԼ1017ʱﵽԳ죬912֮䡣

ڴԼΪ22£鶯ģСһֱĸιֱ3-4һֻСճСһ100ĸȺԱһͬչˡ
 
ûй̶ķڣ޽ʱ˫˫ƧС½ĶκζвҲֽϸߵľԣ˯ҲվšķֳʽϵͣԼ56ֳܷһΣڳ1822¡޲ĩÿֻ̥һСճΪ70100СͬСţ࣬Ӳ̫ҲûгȫΪغɫûëСʱ󣬾ͿԸȺĴˡеIJڴԼҪ2꣬1415Գ죬ȫ1824ꡣϳһԻ6070꣬Ҳܻ100130˵
 

ֲͼ

 
ֲͼ

ֲΧ

ҪϢΪǺЩȴӡȡᲴ˹顢̩ԽϡӡǵʮңԼʮƽϡŴǵ쵽йĻƺ򣬶ǻԾӰйĿǰֻʣ˫һҵ㼣

йֲйֲֲıԵм¼ϲ˫()ǣϲˣΣԴϹӣӯǰӣ

ֲӡȡ˹ϼ顢̩ΡԽϡկǡ
 
ַֻ

4

ѧ

1. ٪ Elephas maximus borneensis

2. Ŵ Elephas maximus sumatranus

3. Elephas maximus maximus

4. ӡ Elephas maximus indicus

Ⱥ״

йֲ飬ڵϵʮϡ٣ⲶɱƻʮءֲҽȻⲶɱҰ͵ߣҰƲáĹƷ󾭳⵽͵ߵϮΪͶڽϳֳʵͣ˷dz
 
й࣬1980飬˫Ȼ180ͷ(ϱ߾)20ͷϲԴ(ϹȻ)10ͷйԼ200250ͷᲴ509060150ӡ1731022120ϼ200350˹27003200կ2000300013003000ӡ29005500ȫֲڵΪ3447053720ͷ
 
1995꣬ҵ֣ҵ״ȫ½ҰԴ飬2004깫ĵʾȫ180ֻ
 
ҰȺ19Ѿ½97%һֱ½ơ


롶ʢٹԼCITES񼶱

롶йص㱣Ұ¼񼶡

ȻIUCN 2012Σֺɫ¼ver 3.1Endangered A2c

ؼֵ

ֵ̬

ΪܸõⱣ壬бҪ˽һ໥໥ԼĹϵҲνġ⡣ϴŶֶͣǻֻԼʹȻ̬ʳֶ̬ƽȶڲϱ仯ĻͷչഴԼ˿ĿΪѾصӰƽȶʱΪ˶dzǰ֪ͲԾƻ˲ֵͬȻҲԼصѻ

P价γɵ̬Լصĸ̵̬ۺϣֲ΢ӵеĻԼ滷γɵĸӵ̬ϵͳ԰ֶԡŴ̬ϵͳΡֶָһֵı仯Ŵָͬһڻ͵ĶԣֵͬͬȺˮIJͬƷ֣ͬһȺڵŴ졣̬ϵͳָȺ̬ϵͳı仯

ΪԴУеѱΪԴãǸǻֵ֪ڣԳѧ̽˵DZڵԴֵݺӡ

ԵֱӼֵΪṩ˼ȫʳʳ߲ˡˮȣҩƷнľԼֹҵԭϵƷ磺ϴԼ80%˿Ҫֲлõĸҩйܹҩֶ5000֣磺ľһЩչйҵҪڲƷ, ȫÿľIJֵ750ԪϡάԿʹѾԴϷḻʹдд̽ԴԱʹ

Ļֵ

ʷĻ

ڹŴйϷڹƷʼҶѱڵʱʾǣսʱڻƺļڡϴУ󹥴IJ塣

̩ǹҵ̩ܶฮĸͼ˵Ϊʱ̩̩ˣԴ˳Ϊ̩Ĺ̩ѫ¼ߵǻʼҰѫ¡ʱ̩Ҫͨߣij⡣

ۣȻδֹʯѧ߹ƣںɭֺ¶һֹ


1ͷȡ19535ӡ³͸йġ

2͵3ͷԡ¡,ԡ19536ԽϺ־ϯ͸йģ˵μӹŵ߸ս,͹ҩй֮

4ͷ1, ȡ׶19725˹ο˷͸йͯġ

5ͷ1ȡ19799˹͵ģΪǸ׶ԡ׶ȥ԰ڱ԰

2007226գ˹ͳйȫ˴ίḱίԱȫϯڱ԰ͬϯ˹зС׸ʽ˹ͳʩ١˹ⳤйפ˹ʹҶ󲨼μʽ

ж

1.󱣻ƻԽ

1999꣬ʶֲﱣ֯(FFI)ԽϷ֧ӡ֧ǼƻºԽԽϴķֲ״жλǵһƻȫ(Quang Nam)ʹ(Dak Lak)ʡСʡĵ飬Ͷ״óĽоԱƴ150ͷ

2.󱣻ƻŴ

1999꣬ʶֲﱣ֯(FFI)LIPIǩ½ⱸ¼ͬʵʩӡԱжƻȷĿּڱŴִĴ󣬷ֹɭֽһ˻͵ԺìܶԴƻӰ죬ȺüƻѴΪ־֣ԱŴɭַḻԡƻĽһĿֻٰͨѵӡ᱾רҡƻصһŵȵĴȺϣγɺȫıƻƶԴľӪƻ

3.ݿ

1995󱣻ίԱ(AECC)һֱڶ4󱣻ɭϵͳе飬Ѽʵݺͳ(AECC199596ύ˰ɪ(McArthur)ı)ΪѰʵʶԲṩ㡣磬ͨϢϵͳ෢ͻũﲥַΧйصݡ⽫ƴϰϵͳ˵ijͻֲ̬ĸȺϢؿ԰ǿѧؽ󱣻ͨ뱾ݻܰȷ̬ʱʹصݡݿΪϢؼȺ״̬ռݽϡͳƷṩһĹߡȷȺȱĶߺȻ滮Աݱ˳ƶսԡ䱣

4.ӡȶı

ӡȣƻׯڵ¼зӡȸضб˵ڴ󱣻Χṳ̃ҡ80ڣʡʼʧԱǮ⳥⳥ʵʧļֵũΪԵİοڿ˴ŵ1992ꡫ1995꣬ȫ⳥ʵʧһС֣δϮûеõ⳥

ȺϮʱũǾ󣬵ÿԱϵ͡õڹȥ6ƽÿԼ6Ա

֤֤˴ŵũƻΪձ顣亦󲿷ũʶıҪΪȺȨӵԼϢءСũֲʧأҹ仹Ҫ־裬ׯڡ

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