ҵһ - Ʒ

ҵһ - Ʒ

2015-12-9 15:58:147911Դ:С

ico

·άϣң17701216գ1827326գŵɵĵ־ңҲһλңһ9ױŽ35׸к32״бţ10С16ࡢ1缰2ȵȡЩƷַչԶӰ졣ڶǣұΪʥ

ico

һߣָӰ˿˹ŵĴţ˵һңʵһߣִӹʵֵĽţҲبδе

ҵФ

ҵФ Joseph Karl Stieler1820

ȫ:Ludwig van Beethoven

:17701216

¹: (ʥ۹µĿ¡)

:1827326գ56꣩

µάҲ (µ۹)

:9бŽӢۡ塰ˡ԰ھšϳ32׸ׯ16ࡢ5׸Э1СЭ硶¡

ǩǩ

·άϣңLudwig van Beethoven17701216գ1827326գŵɵĵ־ңҲһλңһ9ױŽ35׸к32״бţ10С16ࡢ1缰2ȵȡЩƷַչԶӰ졣ڶǣұΪʥ

ʷǸʶĿˡķ񲻵Ӱ˺ּңϵרҵֶӵĵں̶ܴΪ౴ҵĽָӵֵ֮ġִϵҲҪ鹦ڱҵҪ¼ķչҲйأ1931һ33⅓תҵڽƬбҵĵ彻һCDʱ趨ΪʮӣĿܹɱҵھŽֻгڱ֮ȴʥáַ˸ı仯DZȫע룬ᱴҵȺǿԵַּҵ̨εϷ磬ֵͬʾ

ƽ

ҵ˫

ҵ˫ףΪԼң17401792꣩ҲΪĸǡȡάϣ17461787꣩

ͯ

һԭ÷סеġvanǵеġvon룩κιţʾ硣ҵ游Ҳͬ·άϣң20ʱǨӲڿ¡ѡۺ͢ڵһλֶӳԼһλʫиĸǡȡάϣMaria Magdalena Keverichǹ͢Ůڼ޸Լ֮ǰһλ鲢һӣǰӽšԼ176982ղһӣ·άϣǡңLudwig Maria van Beethoven

ҵλڲijԢ

ҵλڲijԢΪҼʹãߴżΪڣ

17701217գλеĵڶ·άϣԡLudovicus van Beethoven֮ϴպձΪ17701216ڲIJͬBonngasse20ųġ·άϣĸĸ5Ůֻе2͵3˹ңKaspar Anton Karl van Beethoven˹ԼңNikolaus Johann van Beethovenز۵λǣ1779ϴİȡǡ˹Anna Maria Franziskaֻ꣩1781ĸȡ¶Franz Georgʱ1786ϴǡMaria Margaretha֮زۣ

ڱҼͥ⣻Լľ״·άϣھҲܰһͥԼƵϰƢ꣬ĸಡպΪӵıұͥصҪԭ֮һҲˣҰĸԶʤڸסҿ5ʱжףûеõܺõƣΪպĶ»

ҺСͿʼѵʦ丸6ĪɸҵĸһΪʹԼĶӱҲΪһλͯԼͽ̱ҵ٣еһٶȻʹñ8꣨1778꣩ʱڿ¡̨ݳ11ھԺֶݳ13ͳΪʦ3ȴԵԼʱҹҴӴҪǰʾֲܡѧʱԵעС11ʱײöѧѧУѧӦòܶࣻʱıҺ11ĺûʲôġ

13Ф

13Ф񻭣ҲԼ1783꣩

Լֽȱϵͳԣͬ˵ԼñԽһDZܡ1781꣨һ˵1782꣩Ҹֶָӿ˹ٰ屦θChristian Gottlob Neefeѧϰٺ⻹ȡ˹Franz Anton RiesѧϰС٣ЩʦŬʹñҿʼγԼصķθһλʦ˱ҵڣҲܲ㣺ȱͼɡҪ󱴶ϰǰƷͺյġƽɸͬʱּҵƪĪصƷ1782꣬θ˱ҵĵһƷԴ˹һ׽ΪܼٱVariations pour le Clavecin sur une Marche de Mr. Dressler1783꣨һ˵1782꣩θιֶܼ͢ҡ1783꣬θһ־׫ĵ

λӦõİֻҪֲܼиһΪĪصڶ

ҲǶλʦ氮ͬһдŸθᵽ

ɾͣһĹ͡

16ʱӰ

16ʱӰ

ȻڲܻݷdzǸõصԴδ1787ſ¡˼ȣʥ۹ԼɪĵܵܣƼǰάҲɣĪΪʦ˶ʱ䷢֪٣һ±ΪģĪصʱȻæڴ諣Ȼʱһ࣬ҵĪأ˵עλˣպ¡ʵȻݷùĪأǵʱĪظάҲɣԺǴԡ

λּҵĽòΪĸ׵IJΣϢжϣҾʹĪطֱպδټ档ǵIJ鲢δ򱴶ҵĹı䣻ɽͥи·άϣԼΪԽʹ·άϣʴþȡ׵ܵĸȨԼôнóһ빩Ůڽŵֱ17921218յһ̣ԼһֱδõԼӺǵ½ɡΪң1788꣨һ˵1789꣩1792건θһ֧Ժֶ֣ӶӴʱĸƷ

1789514ձѧܵŷ弪¡ʩڵ£Eulogius SchneiderӰ죬ʹ˽⵱ʱ˶ͷ˼롣Ӱ죬ӳڱҺƷУرŽͽڵġѵ¡档1790220ԼɪЭ׼3·ݾеʩڵµĽ֮´һΪԼɪĵ峪硷WoO 87ҲDZҵһմϱߵƷ֪ⲿ峪ʲôʱɣǸЭ317յĻ¼þ粢δݡһΪ»ʵ²¶ĵǻдһ峪磺Ϊ²¶ǻ峪硷WoO 88һģƷDzڵʱûõݵĻᣬҲ˹ٰDG˾¼ǣȻˣζûпɵ֮෴أƷʵľߴҷ緶رǡ²峪硱׳ӽ̾Ůʽ˱ʵͬʱһ׵֮󣬰µҺڴάҲɵ׶صóڲӴңǰһ峪ͣȰ¡̽͵άҲ졣Ҳûдᣬ1792ٶ̤ǰάҲɵг̡

άҲ

ıФ

ıФCarl Traugott Riedel17691832꣩

1110գҵִάҲɡʱԼ֮ʽٴϿΣֱ1794ȥ׶ΪֹһꡣٴʱϣʱֽϱҳľǿԸԱҾںٵѧ٣ӡѧǮġһᵽʦӺʱڣѾʼʶԼʱֳսζھ˵ǿOp.1ĵcСʱDZԼΪõһףһΪǶʼʹȻٿܲڸƷƷġڻһҵҲܶƷ֣ӭ˵ʱһڵƷζĻٵ18ĩŵijͻǷרϲ׼ݳƷŬֹȨڵڶЭ͵һOp.20һƷơ̵㽫ҵɣΪȥ׶غ󣬱ҼάҲɵ죬õԼˣJohann SchenkָԼ¶ˡϣıJohann-Georg AlbrechtsbergerѧϰһĶλҲΪҷʽϹֿΡ˹أAlois Forsteṟࡣ˵άҲɲѧϰʱȽۣǰʵ顣ڴڼд׸١Сٺʹ࣬Ʒ1š׸Ʒ2šһ׸ٺʹ

֮һ

֮һԼɪ޲ά֮

άҲɵ꣬ҷdz׾ݣסһΪԼֽòڷװҾߣ罻滨Ǯ磬ıʼDZϼôһʡ25꣬ΪԼͺ򿧷ȡÿһ궼Ҫһ¡ԴˣȤǣڱһδɵĻָ壬дб⡰ʧһķŭȻּDZҵģҲû֤ʾͬ׻֡DZָ岢һЩ޸ʹ֮ǮֻܿԼɳСֻᣬܵõһЩʶһЩƷҵкܶ࣬а롤ϣŵ˹Karl Alois Johann-Nepomuk Vinzenz, Frst LichnowskyҡĪ˹Count Andrey Razumovsky˹عEsterhzyԼɪ岮άPrince Joseph LobkowitzٺȨΪҵԴϲȥһʦΪǧϿʹСȷҽΪϸٿΣѧвɯ˹άˣTereza BrunswikͶ޵ٰDorothea Ertmann

1795άҲɾ˵һֻᣬĿ17941795괴ġڶЭڶЭʱϱȵһҪ磩١ݳ˳ɹ׸ЭձΪСάҲζʱ۵Ϊټҵıš𻨡ʡ뻹СֻᣬDZҵһάҲչʾԼʱıѾʼɹĹâϯһЩֻᣬ1795ΪάҲЭдġ12׵¹Ⱥһŵͬʹõʹ֮ԿǶǵ֮Ըٰ汾ʽ1795꣬һλȡάMagdalena WillmannĹ飬߾ܾˡ

1796건ҵҵȺڲͲ˹ݳ;ŦױͰֵȵأˡOp.5͡Op.2Ǵʱҳ˶ףﳣŵͺХ˻1797건òdzпܳΪպȫסǣⲢûñͣ£ΪѲݳдˡCһŸЭ1799꣬ҷ˿ܻӭƷ֮һcСPathtique8ŸƷ׸ҵѿ롤ϣŵ˹Carl von Lichnowskyġġ顱͡¹⡱ͬGrande Sonate PathtiqueDZԼġΪDZ˱ٶʹ࣬׼ļ尾һ¾ǿ岻ͬ롱һׯϻֶΣٽ塣ڶ컺һ֮ĵЭΪDZҶִЭҪӰIJЭһ345ЭСЭɡٵıӣƷdzֺ꣬ͬƷDZҷdzócС1800ֵһƷȴǡ5С족ǾͿɶԸһ֮ȴDZҵֱʣǺҸů磬ȥġպ󻹻ڱҵƷг֡ͬ꣬1799±ʵĵһɡЩڵƷźĪص˵Ĺŵɵķչ֮ɢϵеصȡ֮IJãҾԼIJ

ȡ롷߳ġ¹1801ꡣCСΪƷ𡶱롷ʾһµķһEĽƪҽΪSonata quasi una fantasiaƷ׸ҵĸѧ̩˹ҶϣComtesse Giulietta Guicciardiģֻ֮ܲǵʦϵΪDZλİˡġ¹⡱֮ҪȵУΪ¹ʫ·άϣ˹һʿɭ¹˸ĺҡСһ㡣ʫԼɭ֮¡ǸΪĹ£ΪһäŮ࣬кɾΪƷ˼ͯɫʡ

1801건ִ峪硶ɽϡChristus am ÖlbergeȻⲿƷ1803ˣDZҼֶ֮޸ģֱ1811ŷѧɵ¡˹Maynard SolomonsΪⲿƷбҰʾ̬ȵζԼĸˡֺʶ˼硱1802꣬ԭ⽫ԼAھźС׸ΡζGeorge BridgetowerǺһξƺԣ˱ҵһλѡһŭ֮£׸˵ʱdzСټ³򡤿³ɣRudolphe Kreutzerǣ㱻ԡ޲֮޲ȴδDzġҲһ꣬ҵάҲɵʥǣHeiligenstadtͼؿȪˮԡԼصĶӲ֢Ȼǰһ건һд¹

Ҿɨһϰ˲ңҿҪֹԼҪס˵ʺ

׳ʥһ͹ȣдһĸԼֵܵţ֮Ϊʥ顷һ뺣ʩ飩Heiligenstädter Testament1827ű֡е˱ۿɼҵĶɱͷֻ֣һģĶ˵ʹвϾ·ǣ鼸ͬʱɱġڶȴǽһ̬ȡ緢ȫ˿Ƕĸ̡汾ǰ˵ְ汾ԵαѶǣоģҡڶڱǰѴɣʥڼֻϸϵ޸Ķѡʱϴǿ壬ڶҲ˵˸Ӣ۵ĻԡΣڶ˶ĿһµĸоԼɼպ󱴶ҵӰһѸнյĽ̵ܸ࣬ӡ󡣶£Ŀ壬򱻰ȳΪڶгڶܿ1803άҲɵһڼ档ͬ건ҲõάҲϷԺһְλֽһĴ

Ӣ

1803ıңɿ˹ٰɶ

1819֮ŷ½ҡҡ׹ʥ۹˶ʷյ㣬־ڵȴͳһʱʱʷ̨أά͡Ŀ֣һʱΪܶĿеġ˹ǸĴ͸ԭĴߡ˵1798꣬פάҲɵķʹɶؽ鱴ΪдһҲδΪ֮ȫԸ1802꣨һ˵18001801꣩˰֡˹Ĵ졷ӦֲðȵζDZάŵȴñʧ˹Ӣ̨ϲδõֱ֡ǣй͡׷ıҾҪԼ˫֣ˣرˣĿеӢǺε󡣶Ϊ˵ģǡEҲ֮ǰĪʽͬģⲻӦijλǮĺΪһСȺдƷҳԸ˶ȥд׸ǡ㣨磩͡ǰƷڴǰ죬Լ˾Ļ󣬶ڡпұԼԸۣҲַչʱʹǵһΣҲΪĵǰΡϣҲΪʲôⲿƪô45ңΪҪľںⲿʷչʱΪֹƷDZԼʷϵת۵㣬ǽչʷϵת۵㡣

ⲿ1804꣬ǰ˹񡷸һֵ֡һοֶ۽Ҷ֮ӰмӣдˡEӢOp.35Ὣ֮ŵĵУɼ˹롶֮˼ĴСⲿDZѰԼⲿͶԼƷdz⡣ȷʵҲֻˣҲн֮׸һᣬص

Ӣ۽׷

Ӣ۽׷棬ɼ޸ĵּάҲ֮Эء

£ȴdz˱ҵ18045£һ۹سƵ۵ףƵ۵ʽ122հʥĸԺСԱ˵ⲻǹƱȡر˸ǣָӼҷѵϡ˹Ferdinand RiesһŹ£˺ȥˡд׸صҳĿǰǿάҲ֮Эῴ18048µױָ壬ԭġSinfonia grande/intitolata BonaparteΪðͶĴȥȡ֮ģǦּGeschrieben auf BonaparteԲðΪĶСӢۡһе㺬1804826ձд̵ᵽıΪð͡1806һγʱѾϡӢ۽ Ϊһλΰ˶ı⡣˵׽׸һλ뻯ΪĽŶսʱıҲ۶ж෴У϶ͣ1809һԭϯֻϣָ׽ǽԼġC׸ء1821ʱҶԴ˵Ϊ˱д˺ʵ֡

Ʒ1805ꡣDZҽԴںƷ˸űҵ־и𺣶Ī֮ơַչǿҵϷͻĸ֮ڵϵ壬׽δмġʽĵһ±ΪսҪ˼ڽEϣ֮ķãת˼ε֮Բ˰βºҶӵΪһ½ĩڶԵֺ󣬱ָӼκΪ˹˹ʽģ͵ĸ񽫱´߳ɵг֮󣬽뼫ĵ¡ĺңȻͻȻһգֵĵ˼ԡ˹񡷵飬ռµвٽβһ¼䡢ţһܸͭӿ𣬻̸ֵ̤ׯϵIJ̡ȫһdzɣ֮С

ŵ

1802꣬ܵӪάҲԺIJоίУȥһ硣űɷҲṩǡŵOp.72û뵽ⲿҪΣôƣۣҳΪϵΨһһڵɺ1805꣬ΪĻ署һλΪɷٰ֣ڼɷ䣬վȳ1819֮dzеġ

1805귨άҲɣݣǿϧݳdzʧܣͱͣݡֻܲȥ޸ġ1806꣬类ѹΪ2Ļ̱ͣݣ۱ºЩʧܹڽűֱ1814526յĴιݣŻóɹ۵һո壬ĻıˡһЩĿ˳Ҳ˵ոһ׶سDZյӽ֮̾ġһЩĿҲɾˡұд˲4׼̵ķѵձѡǰࡣױΪŵ123šһ״ûϣΪOp.138ų档ڵڶĻճǰӮʱȥתǵеĶдڶĻ˹̹ӽ̾޸Ĵ18֮ࡣ

峪磬ȵ̳ãⲿп˵ֱ׺ܶࡣѾкرеġͽĺϳޣɰɣ𣿡ȴһλͽľ桰С㣬һԼʱжĿӵİڶĻΪȫǸŵӢźʹΰ˵塣ճʵڿɿȡھŽĵ£߶Ժϳ߸ʽϲøж֮ġڡѵ¡֮󣬱ҿҲҲʵģûдϵڶ硣

1804-1815

1804𣬱ҵĴʢڣšġ˹̹͡е

1804ıң÷գW.J. MählerеĽͼŵĻУﱴ⻹һټ

Ӣ۽ನδˣұһcСΪ˵һº󣬾ͣˡ1806건ϣŵ˹Prince LichnowskyĸĹʶ˰˹Franz von OppersdorffҪ齨һֶ֧ӣίбΪдһڵ910¼ĵġĽⲿׯΰʫƪ֮ĽΪλŲ֮ϣŮȵ5£Һɯ¡˹ά˶顣ʱľȴڡĽӰϧ18105£ҷɯϵһϣ

롶ŽСЭȻЭOp.56ƷŽšӢ۽Op.55ǰǵ1814űġһůġĺŽDZҵġDСЭЭΪСЭ֮һҲDZΨһһСЭΪάҲɾԺһСָȡضġ1808꣬ҽ˸ټҿٵĽ飬СЭСٶಿָΪٺ档1806ֵ3Ī˹DZƷʹڽ죬Ҳꡣ׸˹ʹġЩƷнʡֵעǣʱԼʵԼִҵǰų⡣ڵסĪ˹ࡷ²ݸдˣ

ʹҲٶĶ

԰

άҲɺӾԺǽư

άҲɺӾԺǽư壬ر1803꼰1804סάҲɾԺڴ˽˸硢³ЭĴƷҲڴݡ

18081222գάҲɾԺTheater-an-der-Wienھһdzֻᡣ᳤ֻ4СʱĿȫDZҵƷF԰Cӽ̾ȻǡĺŸЭǡcС彻СϳҲ۵ݵβ⣬ݵļĿDZзƷüƷͬһDZҶµĴϰɡ׽׸Լɪ岮άPrince Joseph LobkowitzͰסĪ˹Count Andrey Razumovskyġۼڵ彻֮󣬲û̫ۡһ֮ڵʱӰ־ۺֱAllgemeine musicalische ZeitungҼ˶˹ءϣ¶ࡤ궪˹ⲿƷٴ֮ıʷµۣ

ǿ䴩ҹĻͬʱǸеһǻŵľ޴ӰٵͷϲݻĵһУ޾ʹֿУڻںȼǷϲõȥ

˽ġˡ

˽ġˡ

cСһڱ±ǿҵǿܲ͸ĽŽ࣬𱴶1807Ϊָıɯʿͬĵıʽġǰδеͳһǰѹ֣˵·һµǰ˸עĿ˵˵ǡ˵ˡ֮ɴ˶Դ֮ǰĸ˱ҵĴʡնϾиұĺ塣1808ıҽһʧϡ𱴶1801дһλҽ˵

Ҫҵս

ֵעǣһʲʽ⣬ձйƷIJͬŷġ彻Ƭˡһ⡣

˽dzȷشʹصȥ߱˵ľֻ֮ǰĪضûġ1830ϵ¶Ϊø֮˵̫ҰڷݵĽ˵

ڽԼĸ˸ܣԼεʹࡢķŭľ롢ҹɫµ񣬻мı

ҡּ

ҡּ

ȰȻ֪ġסάҲɵÿļҪһסɢɢʱд

ǻʣҵ˼ҿ˵׼DzֱӻӵġҼ־ץסǣڴȻĻʱҹ˾ʱ췽ʱӦӦʫлԣΪ졢ӿֱ廯һ

һһλںɢʱ˵

дϪߵľɫDZߣ𿡢ȡҹݺžϺһд

󻭣Ҵ

󻭣Ҵ

Щӡ֤ڡĵڶ¡ϪϡУʷһʫ黭ƪ¡ҿڴʱǰ˼˹ϣأJustin Heinrich Knechtı⽻ȻһФ񡷡ǰһҲԽΪ԰һΪÿ¼ϱ⡣Աۣ֪˶ؽ⣬˼˵ڻ澰ָжʥ¶ʹ˸жѣеIJػҲֻϸϸ

Ϊ¼ӱ䲻ʷϵĵһΣɿ϶֮һԴԽֱչʿġ뽻˹صĽʫ˹ǵġҵ顤ʩ˹ʫֻ֣Dzܷϣֵļ룬ḻֵıʹ֮ԡ

1809건ҸһױŵĸЭšʵۡЭڳʱֻˡЭʵۡһdzЭԻ͵ĽṹɫʣΪЭ֮סЭ뵱ʱеľЭϵϵĵһ£ĵڶ¼ϸ£ʹ֮ΪƬʱ¼Ҳͬһ꣬µľءݣеݳάҲɰظԺίбΪ֮֡Ϊ֮д9֡еĿǰΪ۵ġ˿18081810굮Ʒ׸һܵĽͣǵʱԼѧ18ɯ٣Therese MalfattiٶغͰΪΪΡʮþȣдŸΤգWegeler߰æõԼڲij֤ϧһδ档һٸ׾ٰŮ飬ҽдõһСBagatelleϣ׼ϯסϵıҺˣ飬ּʲݵڷдϡFr ThereseⲿСָʱΪдǡFr Elise˿

1812ıҳ6µ뿪άҲɣڲݶ75ȥɣTeplice˸¡ʵγУǴȥͬҪȪСKarlsbadȼٵĸȡŵһҵġڲﱴѰԷҵɺдһصţŵĿͷǣҵʹҵһУҵҡǡİˡunsterbliche GeliebteάʽԳ飬ԸԷϣͬʱҲ¶ǿᵽ໥ҳϺͷʹࡣԴλİˡ˭顣Ŀǰɵ¡˹оΪյս⣬ϸһгֵĵַڣȷŵɲ·̣ټϱҼŵΪKKarlsbadĸKarlsbadΪΨһѡءλˡijƺԡATͷøAntonieToni Brentanoλˡdzǰ櫣뷨˸˸ȡŵɻ顣櫺ܳݱңûţ߻ᷢ顣ңǷ񱻼ijҲпһǿԸֽʻ1994ĵӰImmortal Belovedһָλ˾ǵܸԼȡ

1815Ļ¡ԼɪգWillibrord Joseph Mähler1778 - 1860꣩

ٹ1813621ܷսϳʱ˽Լβ¿ˡ÷˹Johann Nepomuk Mälzels, 1772-1838һµPanharmoniconDZ㽫ϵΪһΪսƷٵʤ÷˹ͬʱȰҽƷıΪ֣롶߽1813128һδֻݣ˺ܴɹƷıӴ󣬶ڵգֶоֻ֮֮ϣܹΪս4000ŶǡƷ˹1812һִƬսʱΪ֮ǹڱ սڽ챻ѧ߹DZõƷҲDZǰƷ

߽ݵʱڻDZұˣΪֻ䡶սġⲿȴǵӺȤԳƬ¼ƵͶ֮ĶԶԶʤڡս߸ɳ֮Ϊ赸񻯡ָǽĸ¶˽ǿҵɶһɵġڰ˽һ׶СɰƷ˳Сò˻ŵάҲɡڽݵ߸Ŭʹָ֮Ϊ߽ƪӦеĵλȻƵڶ¡ҲҲҲġ

18151115գܿ˹ȥҿʼϱԼȣJohannaпճ־õϣΪֶӿļ໤Ȩ1820꣬ʤߡֶϵ롣һ棬һֱıңάҲǨ63ΣԼ̶Ҳ֤һĵʦֶҪ߹ϸ񣬳˿ܵ޶ȡһ棬ʹݣҲȱ㣺ͲʵʹʱɱУ1826꾹Ҳϧһԣͼʧδ죬º󿨶ȥӾһѶԱ˺ܴĴ

͹ȡ

¹˹롤޲1818ı

ҵɥʧݳҲԽԽ١1815125һԸҵݳ֣ڹֻ͢ΪԼĸ¡Op.46ࡣ1812꣬ҾͱֳϵĵͲ䣬ٸ֣Ҽе¶1816֧ףԴ1815-18194꣬ҵĴһȵס1819ȫȫָӺݳȨճĹͨҲԵ÷dzijҴ1818Ҫ̸ᡱKonversationshefteˡ̸ַͨʽܶ౴ҵĻﶼΪоΪ˵Ҫϡ

Ⲣζڼ䱴Ϊ1814/15άҲɻڼдһҫʱ̡Der glorreicher AugenblickOp.136ĴͿһΪƽҸó̡Meeresstille und glckliche FahrtĺϳƷߵĸȡڸ£¡ʫ˼ʹյ˱ҵһָһţҲûظ1818꣬дˡӼ29ţ־һִĿʼȹΣ֮ıңƷľò֮һ䡣ƷԵ˼䣬ڵ׸303132Ʒģø硶ׯ͡ھŽģֽ߶óԣ໥͸ʱӱΪ˿һ֮֡໥档ͬʱµЧۼΪڵıҲעƷǷгǷУһжҪĹ˼ҵѧĻ֤

ҵĵַʼ𽥶ʱڣ⵼Ķط񣬳಻гĺ

ׯ

ڽֳǺּܶ۵ġʵĺǣôֲǡڽ֡ڽӦûع鵽16̻˹峺ģʽӦҪ󣬴ϸҸ˵ɫʡⷴӳڽֲֵ棺һ棬ڽʽIJ޶Դݽ壬ҪұڵĹܣһ棬Ҫұ˵ıԸǺѵģڽֲδ˶ƶʱнҵġׯɾЩеһģ֮Ľޡ

ҵ˩³󹫾

ҵ˩³󹫾·άϣһơ

1819꣬ҵѧ³󹫾Ϊ´Ĵ̡׸˺ߺܶƷ45ŸЭӼСB󹫡ࡷOp.971818꣬ҾͿʼΪĵλׯOp.123ⲿƷҪȵ4֮󣬲Ž³ϡҪ182447գʥ˵ñɱҵһλѸȥġڱǰάҲֻеΣҲϣ롶ھŽһֻ᳡ϡҿʼʱû桶ׯǽ֮׸ŷ޸ҡ³ʿɳʡ͵ĹϹһݡ·ʮ1824껹һöҽ͸յȻûöжĺתȴԴ˽Ϊ١18274£ׯdzˡȫŷ޸Ķ200ϡƷҷ죬Կʱŷ޶ԸƷ󡣵ʼʱƷݵĴ࣬ѵһΣҲǽѡֱ19УׯݳſʼƵdzڽ̳ϣֻʽӶࡣʵƷԵܵ෽Ҷ̸ᵽׯԼΰƷд

ӴһʼңһӡеǸòҵóϣǰ˺ҶûԳ1819ʱ㳬֮

ȫˡȱʹϣ⣬ƪõⲿ֮1807ġCԵø󡣶ҶԸʵĴԵ÷dzرڡžCredoУֽеʡ١ʱ³ڡáԵɷΪһʱԳصɫʡʥվĶСƮݣʹ߹ׯʡģġҲΪάҲɰŵԡ

dСھŽ

1823껭·άϣ

1817꣬׶ذЭίбΪ֮׽ǰָӡȻŴӦ18181»ɣDZҲͬЭῪƻաίȴصĴСΪƻд˵һڶ¡ֱ1822꣬ⲿھŽĴʱСׯд󲿷ֶ18221824ɵġʵ1793꣬Ϊϯ1785ġ̡Ĵ㡣1808dzֻݵġϳಿԼ¶֡⡣ʫƪ뽻ϵһȴ1822¡ֻΪ׽дһֽβְ汾زľOp.132棩Լֱеڽ֮󣬱һʣΪһϳ¶Բԡ

1822갮ЭһϵңΪṩ50ǹһ׽רȨǿܡ18244ɸýҽһָЭᣬдϡΪ׶ذЭԣҶרȨӢרý57άҲɿоԺKärtnerthor-TheaterݣѩͷMichael Umlaufָӡ̨ϣÿ¿ƪʱٶȷʾϣԡŵķ桷ͷǡׯ֣ȻѹĵھŽȻֶӵʲõģʱƴնɵֶӣݳܳɹʢǰд󣬱ڵıҲ֪¡ʱڿ˵һĻһλԱȡ¸Caroline Ungerתβڹơʱʹǻҷ򸾳Ҳֻαʾ⣬ζһλܹڻҵ˵δеġֳȥֹԷ⡣ܸж

18268¸棬׸³ʿҡȡáרȨӢҪȵ1825321ղӢУݳġ

ھŽµijȣֻСӢ۽֮һȡһʽĿ壬ֳתۣʵ࣬ǿڶгЦ֮гһʽܶǰвɡǸ壬βȴׯϵɡ£Ƿ籩һĿͷȻǰ֣½ϣʾ񶨣΢ģԶĻ⣬߳ʱֶȫԼǿȻŽϳ֡ϳִԼϯա̡֮һʫ䣬ȿɱȹŵʱһһIJϳλSATBǽֵ̳ꡣɫʰ쵣仯֮СϹ̿֯ھŽԭ׶ΪĻŲ2003ԭһλӢ׶˼213Ӣá

ھŽ֮1825/26꣬Ҽо࣬12165Ʒһ󸳸񣬶еһOp.135DZҵϧ첻٣1826건ڸֵؼң·ˡ182612ֶȥɭϣתϧõȴǷסԸγļ־ֶͼɱϢʹĽѸٶ񻯡ȻˣԼдһЩֵģ˵

ֻϣԼܸһЩõ֣Ȼһͯһڸλǰ˽᳾ϵ¡

1827133·ݽԶ񻯡һΪӲ4Դ֮ʱҽװ˹ϣDr. Andreas Wawruch75ƿҩȻ֪ҩʲô˵ϣҩݲбҡҲҽʧȥġʱһλ¹ָӼҷѵϡϣգ귽15꣬ȥ֮ʵıҡ˵320ʱ˵ҵ׼ȥˡ

182732617:45沮صѺٲգHuttenbrenner˱ȥʱϷԵһĻʱ

ͻȻ۾ȭ˼ӣ࣬ŭȻӵأ۾ûһ仰Ҳٲˡ

1827329ձFranz Stober1795 - 1858꣩

άҲ빫ĹĹ

άҲ빫ĹĹ

˵ڲ֮˵ưɣѣϲˡ仰аŵƷǡУԽǼϷIJʹ硣ϣڱͷȡһͷ29վУ˵д10000˵20000άҲϯ沮38̧֮һҪάάĹ԰Währinger Friedhofά沮ع԰Währinger Schubert-ParkȵĹһֵķⱮ1888꣬ĹľȡάҲ빫Ĺ沮ĹԣʱµҲ³Ҳڳ

Աŵԭ˵硡ʱҽ½ۣǸӲΪ÷ҵͷ˽Ҫͷһֱϣռ屣浽20͡1943꣬ҽɽ󡤸Kay Alexander Fremmingҽζɴ̫ˣIJͷΪͷ֡199412ͷĿǰͷڶطʥѧıоģThe Ira F. Brilliant Center for Beethoven Studiesʢٹͼ(Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)Ҹݹظ´ѧ(the University of Hartford, Connecticut)׶زеͼ(the British Library, London)άҲ֮Э(the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde)вҲ(the Beethoven-Haus)

ɼľѧ˾Ϊҵͷ䡪߲ԣȷ󼸸Ƿùֹʹ簢ƬƼDzԽΪԣЩ֮ѻƬ

ŵݵHRI & PfeifferоʩʿΪͷн飬ʾǦܸߡȻһֶ÷Ʋһ֧ãձΪڵʱҵȾ˶觺ӵ㣬ֺϲԸõضε㣬ڵǦϳΪ÷úǦҩ¡Ը꣬Ըк͸ʹĥǦġ

ֳɾͼɫ

1814ıڣLouis-Ren Ltronne

ҵƷ32׸95ЭСЭЭࡣOpŵƷ138ڴWoO.ǩƷ205ʾƷǡWerke ohne Opus-NummerOpŵƷЩƷȻкܶǰˣΪЩƷֵһOpšȽټǴHessŵƷ14ЩƷʿ˹Willy HessΪƷȫIJ䡣

ƷӢۡ彻ˡ԰ھŽϳ͡¹ȵȡ32ױŸ롷͡¹⡷ȱ˹롤ΪٵġԼȫ顱Լȫ顱Ϊͺյġƽɸڵ֣ܺٺĪصĹŵӰܴһڸ硶롷Уص㡢˶ȵƵԼḻʵ֯壬¡ŵٺ˶ԱҵӰ졣кڣƷԽֳǿҵĸ˷񣬱ֱԼ

ҿ˵̳˵°ҰͺաٺĪص־裬ŵʽ˼ޡʱͺյֻдǵķ򡣵ҵʦڸڽѧѾñҸܵλŷ֮Ĺ֮˵СϪBachǴ󺣡

1855꣬W˶ԱҴʱڵַȻһֲ˵й־ԻͲȷе󣬵ȴdzᱴҴķչһ׶1804/05ǰڽ׶Ρڼ䣬ҷdzԵʾԹŵ崫ͳ18051814ʢڡҴ󲿷Ʒڴʱڡ͹֮1819ıʾڵĴʡأƷģһ

ҵĽչıĽˡΪ£İ˲£պ١ĪȷĽṹһ¿塢ڶ塢Сг͵¼дɵģڡھŽгλã

ڵʼʽݿʼͳһһ˼ᴩڵ͵ھŽر⣬DZ֮ǰĵûġĽǣҵĽиʵп̻ڲǵһȥɣҪȥ˼ĦҵͼͶḻֵں˵ҲֵĻ˽񡱣ʹ֮汸ñݽڵھŽһ󴴾٣׷Ч¡

ΪҵĽС͡ż֣֮ĽǸԵģǿңż͵ŵġ

صġʮ

ڴھŽ󣬾Ϳʼ1824깹˼ʮڱʼԼ˵ŶԻᵽⲿƷ˵һԡŴʽڽ̸ʼԡʢ硱

1844꣬ҵֵİշһƪڸý£ƪ˵ʱ㷺ĹעͲ²⡣ʱйⲿ·ֵƲͲʵûʲôͻԵĽչ

˵Լʮĵһ£֤֧һ˵

ڴкܶеһµIJݸͱʼǡǡ塱гݸ1825걻֡격ʿ(Barry Cooper)ݸѼõĸع˵ʮĵһ¡ƷûеõֽձϿɡ

ڽĴ

1.ࣺʱСڽģзǿԱǿңЩDZڽϵĴ£ϸĽֵ࣬Ҫɡ

2.質ԵĹ֣ųɫֺͼɣڴɡḻҲ˹ֶӵı

3.ɵĸ£ҵĽʹ˲ЭͺңͷdzĺҽУǿҵϷԶԱҲǹŵĹ淶вġ

4.ı仯µʹԼֶӵĹģ

5.ʽı仯

65£ͬ4½ṹ

гʹԭС

µλñ仯(No.9)ʧ(No.57)923λõã±˵3£57ûԭϸ£ֻСٶȵĵ2£ӳ¡

ͻʽơĶԱչģ󣬿ռµ1/3ϣڷչг˳ʾûеأӽ£ڷչֲУ뷢չķչβܳ

Ʒ

Ϳʼѧ١ȻպС١ٺ͹ܷ٣ǸȴʼհڵıҲԸҵȷּҵĵλġΪд˴ƷٱСƷٶࡢ͹ܷƷ

ҵ

ҵ֡1827328գ죬ɻJ.ɪDanhauser֮ͻпɼʮּ

ҵ32׸ӡ֤űķչ̡һֺ;֮ãҲǸΪһֶӵǿ֤һѭĻṹһ潫չĹģںеûOpţֻWoOţͳ32׷ֿ32׸ķûоԵĽߡD.MatthewsġҸһ飬DZΪڣڵƷOp.22Ϊֹ1800֮ǰƷOp.26Op.57顱ȻOp.787981ɵIJ֮ǰOp.90һ׷1783꣬WoO47ͬɣÿ׶ɡ족ɣһΪѡۺ׸¡ѡۺңMaximilian Friedrich von Königsegg-RothenfelsġϱдԼĴ˹ʱǺεף֡ҪдԼ˼еڶfСмңԼպ󱴶СƷ硰롱͡¹⡱ıַ

WoO.50511890Ʒֻ¡32еƷ롱ѾбڵĴ顢ȻɫʣأȻбǰ൱ĵߡšʮʮһšѿʼ¶ԼĶԣҷdzܻӭݳ˹̹ԱOp.2еĵһµۣ

ڿûһǺ١Īʽġ˼Ϸԣһųüչıݡ尴ʱʱдɣϾһġľϷԵСµķζҲһд18ĩļ侫ԣȫ19͵Ʒ

Op.26ҵĸڵĿʼµıŲѰһµıڤϢȻǿ塢ԻƷOp.27еڶǡ¹⡱ݳĻ䣬1802건Ժѿ³պն˵ҶԼȥƷ⣬뿪ʼµó̡Op.31־⡰µó̡ʼұҲܾдOp.22ƷΪֻʺڴʱ1803건ҵ˹ٰSbastien ErardӰһ̨١ˡ˹̹ټְ̨ڷάҲʷУDZҴڵƷƷԵûԻʹġ顱𡱵һڱ飬ڶµĻŲõЧȴҪŸ߶ȵ༼ɡ23dzΪ飬ǰġ顱ġ

DZ1809귨άҲʱ³󹫳¼ġ·ֱΪ𡱡롱͡ټֱ˵Ŵ󹫵ȥ˷ָغʹٴλصάҲɡǡıһ˫أDZҡڽı־Ӽ١ִٱֳԼѾ߱ڱϳҹŸٺͻҹŸٵĿܡDZ崴ﵽ֮ҲʶⲿƷشµص㡣ȻƷʽ˻ǷӦӹɵǣDZҶȹ˥ڣƷڵı־Op.101ĺͨһ𣬴ʱѹȡ֮˼صɡʽʽ˼ռƷҪƪעظͶλЩԤʾ𡣻У·չˡ񡱼ɣһⷴãּҲɼСĩ¯ϵijѵ֮ƷԵѶһ32ţΪDZһƷҲ׸³󹫵ģ¡ڶ¼ΪضƵ壬һ֮Уƽںּȡ

ٱ

ԼµġѡۺдһcСһЩЩƷѡۺֵû硣˵ıָWoO.63Դ˹һ׽Ϊܼٱ¡ʾ11ıԼۣģǸ߹ֵ𾴵ġΪСȴܱСȥάҲ֮ǰһд4ױWoO.6467WoO.66˰µҿ˹Carl DittersdorfСñеġǰһλˡΪ⡣֮ҪWoO.65άᣨVincenzo RighiniСVenni amoreΪеıŸļҪ󡣴Ҳ1791건ҵĸټѵ˺εȵĵزȤǣܳһʱڣֻҵ˸Ʒ1802棬1791ԭδӰ˻ɸƷDZҵƷ1802꾭ٴ޸ĺƷǺԭ汻·֣֤ڶһûһ㱻޸Ĺļ󡣸¼εǣҵַdzԤϵķչø硣

άҲɺ󣬱д˼Եʱеĸ͸質Ϊ⣬׵ٵʨķ˹չǿDZίжġеWoO.70ʾ˱ҵĴٶȿж죺һλdzܱҳݵŮʿԱ˵ԼйһԡNel cor pi non mi sentoΪıϧʧˡΪԼıڵڶϸ˹ȥ

18ĩҿʼʹԭдһƷԼΪ˿άдĸ㡱Ich denke dein WoO.74Ϊı1802꣬дҪıFױOp.34ͽE15ױ͸ Op.35ӢԼҲΪǺҪԸOpţҲĴеһΡƷʹõµַ߱ѴںܴIJOp.34Ϊÿױһ֮ı䣬һʱ԰裬һʱ񰧸衣ַ˹شõܴչDzò̾1802ѾdzϵͳʹøַˡOp.35Op.34һЩԵøӱǡ˹е

DZһλٽʦͶҵ

DZһλٽʦͶҵ

űдӢGod save the king͡Rule BritanniaΪıĴصתƷ罻С1803ֻ3ֱ1806WoO.80D6ױOp.76ͱһĸܽᡪDZOp.76󱴶г10ûдʱһλ̰DZAnton Diabelliͻ룬ҪΪʱƼάҲɵڶּһžաȸάҲɲ50λȥһԼдµԲΪ֮дҾһλΪԲⴴ33ױȻʱάҲɲҸ֣DZһʤдİ汾ڵġ˵ڶ׽E⣬cСCÿױٶȲһǰɫҲһЩԶĵ⣬Եǧ򻯡ƷɵDZ1824ڡϻᡷ³棬Ϊһ֡ڶҵı沮غ͵ʱ11ĸȡ˹صƷ

СƷ

ڡDZ֮ǰѾСƷдʹЩСǶԱǿҵ־䡣ʱֱΪBagatelleƷûǷdzµһߵļҪҲ̫ߡҿЩСƷиԼһЩ뷨ʵ顣1802ԼдµһЩСƷͳΪOp.33һ7ףƽ100СڳȫôдɡһΪһСƷѵOp.119оʵĺϼҺʱϱǰҪ硣711ţ1820건Ϊҡ˹ˣFriedrich StarkeдģʱҪィһѧУڽһ꣬C.F.˵˹򱴶Ҫ塣Ϊǰд˺ܶĸСƷҺܶûбҴȡ12ףἯ棬ǺʣֻdzףΪOp.119ǰסѡʣµδɣWoO.525659°˿81Hess.69ȴѾɱ˵ġ°˿Ҫ󲢲ߣ߿˵Ƿdzͣ˷dzܸŵСѵϲһ׸СƷOp.126ӦȫµIJϣƷȻΪһ壬Op.119ǰ֮еĵbССƷǿжεBͻڽβٴγ֣

ҶĹ׺ܴǿĴ16ɱΪڣɫֹӢ׶رôġ򡱱ĴīǽҵкƷΪĿձ͵¹Ľڵֱǹ涨ֱÿֱһײͬʱڵıƷ

ҵOp.18ԼHessŵ3034ƷFࡢǰ븳СиıԺ¶šһСƷ

6Op.1818001801꣬ԿDZҶԺ١Īڸַܽᡣռ˱1798ﵽ1800һʱ䣬ӲάҲ֮ҪдĿҲDZҵһνѾɺ١ĪطʽǰıֻһټҡҿܵĪ׸ٵԼҲἯһı˳봴ʱ䲢һ¡ҽFڵһһ׵Ŀƪ˱Һܶ˼F֮һתIJݸϿɼ9ΣŸĵĿǰʽΪǿϷԣһʶ־šǿҵĶ̬ΪɹġʵDZҴĵһ࣬ҲǸüͣһסcСDZڶԸֵԵһγԣλ¸õɵƷ

ڵǷdzܻӭסĪ˹ࡷ״1011ţ١͡ࡱĪ˹ࡷDZڴOp.18Լ֮ٴλع顣׸פάҲɵĶʹĪ˹ġƷɱȡӢ۽Խ塣Ǽʾ˱ҿҰ˿˱ټɵӰӡչʽϷԽϵһµĸ߶ȡ ۺֱд

ǣְߵעܳѶǾ˼дƷᡣ

ۺֱ֮˵Դڵһ׺͵ڶ࣬ڳϵȷֻڵͬƷһ׵¶ʽԱ𱴶ԭȴģѾ˵ġʼǴСټ룬һֿտĸоڶ8ֶӵгʵڿǰǷdzұ˵ġһֱ⣬Ϊ˹⡱ڶeСʾ˱ҶԶСı﷽ʽȤڶ̸裬˹⡱гʽ֣ҲΪ˹áCĿ뺣ٵĴͿͷ硱⾳ͨͷһǿࡣڶѹ֣Ƕҡ棬ûС˹⡱ij֡

µ׶౾ͳĶԱȡǰһס١ԴƷжദСOp.951810꣨-1811?ࡱǿҵԱȡһСٵżдİʾǹͷĴ̼

ҵİ

һҵİ

ھŽ֮һʱ12󣬱д࣬رһףΪDZҵġOp.18ĴЩƣƷռ˱һʱ䣬ΪЩƷĦOp.131IJݸֽո塣ǵĴ˳Ϊ1215131416ֽǿԷΪ飺Op.127Op.130132ΪƪOp.131135ǰĩOp.127135£мļ57£ṹӣ13ŵԭ±1826굥дһ״󸳸ĸƷ˹˹Զִ֡СչֵϣڵԵۻ룬ǿԵ÷dzƷвǿҵİг͵ľ䡣

Op.130ŽBDZҪͻʽ󵨳֮һ¡Op.131cС߸£¿ͷ25ǰ¹ֹһΣDZȰʽһƷе7زһĴ17ӣ̵ֻ54룬һɶεá˵ΰࡣOp.132ĵ򱻱ҳһλ߶ĸжʥ衱ʥׯϵƪ֮һһOp.135ԴĿͷ֮ʱſʱս£ٴΣҲһõϲıʽֵһǣɵ¡˹̹ôֶӵʽOp.131135

Ӱ

70Ʊ

¹ʾַеġ¹ˡϵеı70Ʊ

ܶ˶Ϊǹΰҡ޿ɷϣȷǷdzܰġZDFġ100λΰĵ¹ѡУ¹ֻͨš绰ʼĵʽͶƱ12ֻּаͺձǰ6ΪҸıҵĵλҴǰֻһֽίндְҵһλҵݳֱ֣ԼǣͨݳͳʹԼ˱ϢⷽĿãʫ跽͸ڻ滭ȡ

ҡBeethovenһ߿¡˹أKonrad Ksterڸд

Բͬķʽȥ˽ⱴҡڱҵʱгߡҲңвֵˡһ˵һȻʱãΪ뱴ұȼ硣ְӰּңӰְߡ

ᵽְߡΪҵƷۣ1903Ͷ뵽ҵһLa vie de BeethovenдСܶ͸ֲʹţȴɼд˸Ҳں1915ŵѧġԼ˹򡷾˸űҵӰӡġҵһΪһʷ飬һѧԼõɶ֡

ڡ̸ھŽ˵д͵ߵȫף˶Ͳ ͬʱĸ£ΪҵĴṩزģͱйֱӵ˽˽һĸʱ25ıȡŵд

˵ĵ׻ȥʶңʹԽһ¹۵͸ҲǻģΪԸһС

ҵֿνֵĵ䷶Դ֮沮ءŵ¶ɡ߸ɡ޲ءա顤ʩ˹ڵȵҵŬ£ֵԿʢ19͡ҰΪҵľ׽ۡ19͵ĵ°ֽ磬һDzķ˹ΪĹŵߣ˳нһ߸Ϊ׵Ⱥɷ࣬ɰѣǶdzرҵǰ

ķ˹һŽ1862ִʣ1876ɲݡϸҪ󣬵ҪǣԼIJ㣬ڱҵʢ֮Ҫҵ磬˵ȻǺѵһ¡ķ˹ĵһΪҵĵʮ汴ҡھŽͲķ˹ġһСȽϣɿҺͲķ˹ϵļ̳йϵ

ҺͲķ˹ϵļ̳йϵ

  ͬ

  

˹ءϣ¶ࡤ궪˹ΪҵƷһƷֱ̬ȡ߸ΪҵƷʹûдˣԼдһCһδɵE⣬ȷʵûģרĴԼʽ־硣ҿĸ׸ϣάΪġCʵDZҵ7ķ档߸ɵֱʾηҺûֹ³ɺǰд˳ĽƷջĵ2348˵ĽûԽš֡

ڶҲӰʹ20Ҳһǰʱʶ̬ԭλԲҺܻӭΪŸ־ı֡Զ¹ŵ˹˹dzرҡФ˹ά泣佻ҡȷФ˹άĴС־չ뱴ҵķdzơ

20ֽͣ塢¹ŵʱصĵźڱҵĺۼάҲɡҲո¶ͷǡ֮һѫҶԼӰʱ˵

ӱҶȥⵥͿնֿͬ죬ԭʼIJϿԱܳµʽͨԿƵƬԼ޸Ļ֮бԲε֮

ڱҵֽܷ棬ƽ񻯡͡廯ĻڡھŽҵй⣬Ϊϯյġ̡С˽Գֵܡڽ̷ݣС˵Ⱥɿⱴ˵ݵͬӰУԿҪűҵġھŽȥסҵλеӣɴ⵱ʱڵ1942ָ꣬ӼҸĸΪףϣնھŽ׳ơɫš1944άҲɰ¼ƵġӢۡǸĸ1951ս׽³ֽٴָˡھŽʵΪEMIͰͷǹ㲥˾¼ƣΪ˺ְܶĿиĿҲǰ³ֽʷΪķ߸ɽĿһ׷ݵ1872Ժ֮ʱɵ¡˹̹1989122325죬ΪףºϲڰݡھŽҽ̡Ϊ̡Դ˵֮飬Ҳͬġ

Ҽ

λڲıҼ

⣬20ý壬رdzƬҵķչҲʹñҵָ㷺ĵõʲ1913¼˱ҵ彻¼ټҰͼʩɱ19321935¼˱ҵȫ׸ĸ߳Ҫȵսշ50¼ƺ˱ҵȫЭĸպ˹Լβ˱ҽȫ׵¼ƹ¼ʱڶָҲͣع¼ҽȫ汾޷ʤпɷΪԿķ˹̹աŬŵ߶ءͶࡢ³̹Ϊģʹִűƺڹͷָҡָӽĵһ˾¼4ףа60ġ쿨µıҵ9¼7šڶԹũءԼءӵɡŵΪġ桱ɣǾʹñʱֶӹģƷԭ׽һУԣƷԭòҵĸ͸Э˸ҵԽʯ117λѾ¼ԼıҸȫ⣬С

ŵ


| ϵ | Ȩ | ˽ | |
Ȩ
Copyright © 2011-2020 All Rights Reserved.

ض