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2015-11-11 07:52|鿴:7841|:0|:С

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߱ʾ·ݵ10Cߣʱڶı߽硣

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ͼ

򱱼طʱҲֱáһָָǻΧĵϼһ𹹳˵Լô˹ݡ˹Ų䡢ͱ˸ҵIJֵ

ҪһԭǵĴ󣨼󣩺ͻΧһȦľشɡȫůӰ£ڲ½һЩ֤ݱٵ20172100꣬ļʱΪǡµоʾ1925ļ ٶȸڹֵ˿2013ͻޱܸ졣
е΢½Լһзdzص̬ϵͳڴ˾סĻºͼ˵Ӧ

Ķ

жֶ塣ͨΪıΪȦ6634'NԱԼͼҹΪص㡣̬ѧأҲɶΪ·ʱ10Աһ߽뱱ľߴ¶ӦĻϵıΪ˱ԭסĻΧ⣬ѧѧϵĶǰ˸ҵıDZķʡ

ҪǶ䣬ļˬϼһм缫ҹ֮֡ҹ923տʼ4£¡ͬµļ硣ˮҪΪѩʽȫĽˮܵͣ󲿷ֵ50ףϼԸ߳ܶࡣ糣ѩԲϽѩӡ󡣱¿ɵ-40Cм¼¶-68 Cڱر䣬³γɼظѹɸγγʱܵתƫӰ죬γɻضϼԣٽСغӰ죬ΪůѩҲϸߡڱŷܱůӰ죬ȫˮ¶ȱ212֮䡣½Ϊ䡣

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˹ݰɭվ㵽ı

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ǵеȻ󣬼ҹʱļһڱγ7080ȾͿɿһ150400ǧ׵Ͽգɢͷ̫֡ĸܵӱųǣϿաӻԭײ󣬶ݵر̬̬ڻص̬ʱԭӻųضĹⲨγɼ⡣˵߲еԭܵʱᷢdzɫĹâܼʱ͵ʱֱᷢɫͷۺɫߺĹԡˣ⿴ͷףѤĿ

Χ½غ졢̦ԭִ̩ԱȦΪ磬Ϊ2,100ƽ½ռ800ƽѧǶȳ7·ƽ10ĵ(5)Ϊ磬ô2,700ƽ½Լ1,200ƽֲֲ磬ȫִ̩뱱ô4,000ƽ

ܱˮ

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غϵıԭ

Լ1475ƽĴСһɷΪͱŷ֡г겻ı㣬ռ֮ƽԼΪ3ףԵĺײйĴ½ܣ1 200ǧϣռﵽ33.6%룺ŵŽз룬طΪ裺ô衢޷ɭ衣ܱ߷ֲŴڴ½ܷΧıԵŲսݷ򺣡溣غͷ塢Լô󱱼ȺСͺϿ

½ذΧ,ڰաͨŲͰͷͬ,խİϿ̫ͨƽ

ܶ࣬Ŀ̫ƽĸ⣬˹߶ȺȺµصȺȺʿԼɪȺȡҪ֧ӸԶ뱱˹ƥαůԼԳ溣ִӸԽ⻹Ųůͱů

ܱ½

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ı̦ԭ

ܱߵ½ŷǴ½½ɣмɰϿ͸Լ800ƽۣڶ࣬ж͵ҰϿͺĥʴƽ޼ͺȸ͡

̦ԭ

̦ԭִ̩֮ĹöԼڶĺԼ1300ƽֻнرһҵⶳһ֮ǼԻԶľĸ޷չϽ泣ǿ磬ʹľ޷ɳҪֲΪ̦޺͵£ҪλڱȦڡ

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ִ̩

ǺҶִִ̩Ǵӱ̦ԭϽִʼ1000๫Ҷֲִִ̩ṹ򵥣ŷɼɼɼԼŷɼɵֻһľ㣬һľ㣬Լر̦ԭ㡣ִ̩ͱ̦ԭ֮仹һϡĵͰľͲݱֲɵĽϻߵش

ֲ

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̦ԭ

ִ̩Ϻʹľ޷˵صֲҪӽĵͰḻֲ̌ݱֲ̦޺͵¹ɡֲΪ̦ԭγߣɹֲҪ̫ܣ١ڼֲ³´лڴŻﵽ˼ޣΪ΢СĽԼԶάͷܡȫ꺮ĻʹñֲڴСͷ϶½ů򣬹ľ׸ߣɯݡ̦޺͵¿γɺĸDz㣻򣬾󲿷ֵĵر¶ģֲǵº̦޺ݱֲ

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ѱ¹

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ţ

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ӢŵɭķȺһֻıŸ

෱ࡣ½ϵIJ鶯Уʳݶбáţѱ¹ʳ⶯ǡбDZ½ˮк̡󡢺ԼǾͰ׾־࣬㡢㡢㡢㡢㡢㡢㼰ȸࡣĴɱĺ󡢺ܺͽǾپֵıԵ˹պţѾ1768ɱ

120֣Ϊ񡣱֮һڱܺ12ڱԽںˮиݣ糤β졢ྱ졢̾СҰѼ߱DZѼȵѼɳѼ졢ѩȣбڡѩ^캣ȸѻȸŸͺڹڲصȵȡ

ȻԴ

ӵпɹ۵ȻԴʯ͡ȻԴɭԴDZԼḻҵԴ̽˹ӵʯʹ70ͰȻ8ǧףݹʯͺȻɴ380Ͱ40סô󱱲ʯͺȻ밢˹൱ࡣԴĴԶԶǰߡԴ⣬úԼͭǦпʯ޿ٿ󡢽󡢽ʯ׿󡣽ڶضıȤҵҲ𡣱дδˮԴ

ʷǰʱ

Ѽ±ůܶ࣬ӱƽƽ¶ƶϣʱ¶ȿߴﵽ20 C-15 CDZѩǡʱıпˮɼֲѼǹ˳ͰɶڱǨ㡣ͬأϼҲ˿ټĴǵľ

ԭס

ʷ

һǰѾסڵǴŷǴ½չģŷǴ½ıֱΪ硣еIJԽϿ½Ž˱½һΪ硣ඨDZִֻļ߽Թ㷺ֲڱַķͷ֤ʵӱǴ4000ǰʼġıֲŷֱŷ޵IJͬĶ壬֮以ཻںʹ棬Ÿӵʷڱֻһһ壬˹ĦˣʷҲɴԼ򵥡

Ű˹Ħ˴8000ǰıǵԺԷʽԳϵͳԪǰ1000ң˹ӵĹŦ˷չŵĻԽµסΪ־Ԫǰ500ңô󱱼͸ľʼ˽ݵķԺͺļҲ𽥳졣ǵĻΪĻԪ1000ʱĻѱ˹ӵŵĻչΪͼĻŵ˵أȡͬ˺ߡھ磬ڵıӵŰ˹ĦƵĻȽϷͽƷͬʱѧϰϷĻ˼롣ӴԼԪ1200꿪ʼֱ1850ңСڡڼ䣬Ŧ˱תڵزɱѱ¹ľʼѱѱ¹

״

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Ŧ

20壬˿ԼΪ200򣬵ֲdzΧű󺣰ܵ½ء죬ǵ㼣ɢŷޡޡ̫ƽʹ󣬷5ң˹˹ӣôŲ͵󣨸γȷֲΧԼڱγ6080֮䣬Ҫڱγ6075֮ĵҪ˹άǰ뵺ˡޱİ˹ĦԼ˹ڵĿˡſˡˡ¿ˡˡɣˡˡ˵ȵȡ⣬ɹŦҪԺΪľԻѱѱ¹翿Ϊˣֳѱ¹ˡ¿˺ſˣгֳѱ¹⣬ҲԺ鶯ij˺ˡĸṹʽʮơ簮˹Ħ˼ǵĸѩЬơձŷ̵ڔΪIJгڽһֱӴ٣ֱִĽſʼƵˣDZʯʱഫͳϰߣʵԭʼƽʽûȼԼサס

һΪ⣬ǵͬһʷϣҪڵ޴½ǵij˺Ƕغ뱱ʱȽſˡͬڴԭʼ״̬壬ſ˵ṹԽڷ⽨ƣʹѱ¹ŦΪʹ¹ǺͽΪߡ

ĻͳʮֽơڹƹǿﶨҪƽ֣ΪһӦǺõֺܹˡ

̽ƿ

ڵı̽

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ʮͱŷͼϵͼմ

Ϳʼ˶Ա̽ڹԪǰ325꣬һλƤ˹ˡѧҾΪѰԭضݴϡԼļأֽƲڵIJеȺгΪȺ(Isles of Pretani)Ȼϣ˴˵еͼմأThuleļᵽͼԱߵĵطɼȲˮҲǿɣ˵ǰߵĻϡ½غˮţȲ̤ҲܺС̫Сʱֻֽо߾ݴΪƤ˹ӦѾܽӽȦˡ

ϣ֮󣬱ŷҲʼ˶Ա̽ɮڹԪ800֮ǰܾѾ˱Ԫ860֮󣬹ŴŲҲʼ̤Ԫ982ңӰ˷˸½֮󣬸½ӭһ񡣾ʼŷ̡ͨ

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ʮʮ͵̽붫

ʮ֮ɡ޵μǺ´½ķʹŷ޸ȼ˶ضزƸĶľ޴㽡ȻϷĺϺ߱գеĴֻҪ˰ΪˣӢϣܹͨһǺԶĺߣߣ1553꣬ӢɳҴǰֻ̽ͨһҴĪ˹ƣܵɳʵʢ֮30ʧܵijԺӢ˴ͨߵϣͬʱӢ屴ῪʼߵijԣڸνĽ󣨺֤ǻ󣩡֮ӢԼά˹Ŧ˽Ӵ˱γ72ĵط

ˮ

ı̽Ҫڶߡ15941596֧꣬ʴӳ˹ƥαȺҵﱱγ7949ĵط֧ҲһκС

ʮʱҵʹӢ̽ͨȳк﷢Ĺ塣

ʮҲǶ˹ŵʱ˹ںͱëƤд1648꣬뱱ذռƤƤëƤƹ޵ĶǣϿֱ̫ƽ󣬵һ֤ŷǴ½޴½һϿֿģķûܻصĪ˹ơ1725꣬˵ôά˹Ϊӳȥȷ޺޴½Ƿһ𡱡ĹУԽ˰Ͽﵽ˱޵˰ȺͰ˹ӡ

ʮͣѧľ

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Լ־ʿ

ʮͺҵӢʼһֵı̽ա183161գӢ̽ռԼ˹ղķ˹˹˱ż1845꣬̽ռԼ־ʿҵʱȽ̽մ򱱼ȻһȥءֵʧӢᡣ1848ʮ40Ԯӿ˱ֵټѾж˸ִѵԭҲطḻ˹ޱĵ֪ʶԱͱƯ˸ʶ̽ռʶֻ򱱼ıؾѧϰпܸõӦصĻ

ʮͺڣҲʼ뵽̽յĶС˭ȵﱱľﵽ߳ͬʱʼڱѧվ18811884꣬һʼƻչʷϵһζԱϵͳԵĿѧȡ˴ڱĿѧϺݡ18786£̽ռҰ򡤰ˡŵ£ŵоһɹ30˵Ĺ̽նӣ̽մάӺšһʱ䣬״δͨ˶ߡ1905꣬ϼŲ̽ռް¡ɭɹشͨߡ

1893꣬ڱƯƵļ裬Ų̽ռҸǷɭ״Ưķʽ򱱼ķ조ķſʼΪ3ḷ́ڼԶ˱γ8555ĵط

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Ƥ봬Աڡ˹ǰӰ

19051909꣬޲ءƤŬƵ˱㡣úƤľɻԼ絽ﱱˡδнۡ

ʮ͵ı̽ƿ

ľ󣬸ս޵׳ٲδֹͣʮͿʼ˷ʱ1926꣬ް¡ɭİ˹˹ķͧʦŵȶһμʻɲݵķͧڱ㡣1978꣬ձ̽ռֱֲ˹ѩʷϵһֻﱱ׳١1986꣬ҽ˵һο˵ѩﱱ㡣

⣬ʮԺſƼֶεߣԱĿѧƵĿƿ۲վڱҪĴͿƿ193281ա1933831յĵڶʼԼ195771ա19581231յĹʵꡣ20072008ĵιʼʹԱȻԼ֮໥ú͹˸̵ʶ

ֻֻͬͨ½·ʽ̽ʮͺĿƿͨɻDZͧɡ1958꣬ĺ˶DZͧŵ˹ŵһδӱ´˱㡣1959꣬˹ءDZͧһڱƱ㸡档ƱķҲʹˮ·ﱱΪܡ1977꣬ǰƱƱУһγƱ㵽ﱱ㡣

ǹ۲ʼ1960ļعǼƻ(POES)196041շ̩˹һ(TIROS-1)ǵһųɹļǡ̩˹һԼļΪо򡢱󺣵׵òԼṩ˴ϡ

йƿ

й뱱Ϊ˹߶ԼԼйȨ˹ƥαȺ¿ѧ1951꣬人ѧԺĸʱ䯵򱱴żеشŲΪһ뱱йƼߡ1991꣬йѧԺоԱߵμŲ֯ı죬ڿڱչʾй졣

1995꣬йţйѧԺйѧЭ֯ﱱ㿼죬״й֯ıƿ

1999꣬й״ζԱչѧ졣71գйƿѩšϺڰ溣ͼôչԺʹۺϵ顣ƿ£99ս200282գйƿڱ½ش۲վ

2004ıƿУйŲ˹ƥαȺ°¶ȷ׸ѧվйƺվ7855N1156EҪоĿȫ仯еúͶйӰ족뱱̫ƽˮŽԱ̫ƽıӰ족ڽ̬ϵͳԴйҵչӰ족ȡ

ձƿ

ձԱչ̽տ޹ҡձı̽պͿƿʼ1921ꡣ19211923Уձÿ궼һζԱ̽գֱ1921ձˮġš1922񽢡ݺšԼ1923ձˮֵġ׷衱š19361937꣬ˮֵġ衱ڱ˾ȺʮձԱ˶οƿ197835գձֱֲڼô󱱼Ȧڵʹùѩﱱ㣬Ϊһﱱձˡ1990꣬ձ˱Ȧоģ¶ԱΪĵĴ󻷾仯״ооΪ

ϷһëƤס󡢺ȵëƤΪŷ˻ȡĶ͵˹ȵ1650꣬˹֮һëƤסͬʱķḻҵԴҲǰ˹Ӻ͸йģӴ泡ʮԺ󣬱̽աó׺ͿƿӣҲࡣ

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˹ӵ;

ʮǰĿԴģ󣬶ԵصȻӰ΢19ĩ˹ӾһԽȡԽߴϷӿ룬Ļ״̬1900˾ϵͳĽͬʱ˹ӵ㲶ҵҲ𡣱ķḻĸԴ̽ռҺͿǰ2060ĩڰ˹ҵ˾ʯͿﵽ߳

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ʯĥ

ԵػԭסӰ

ԴԱĻ˾޴ƻ̼̽̽ƻ˵صĵرֲҲӰ˵Ұͬʱӿ뱱Եؾǿҳڳԭס޷ЯļûΪԭסṩҽʩӶԭסȽʽߣʹʼԼĻϰסɴ˴ĺǵĻԭסתʫڽ̹ԽԽ֪Դͳʽԭס񲻶ϼ١ǣڽִĻҲʼԼľסغʹͳĻ˵Ҫ뱱ԼЭ̣Լʯ͹˾Եػƻ

ʼĺ

ǹεĽ֮һԱ״ۺԿѧ18821883ĵһʼꡣ11ҵ11֧ӶԱ˵һδģϵͳĿѧ졣ڶιʼƿ193281ա1933831տչμӵĹӵ34ڱ43ԵĿվ1957ǹʵ꣬ƿΪȫ̽оһ֣Ҳȡ˺ܴչ

1973꣬ӡŲǩּڱܵĶЭ顣1976꣬ǩ𱣻񼰻ĹԼ1986꣬˳1990꣬İ˸ʽʱѧоίԱᡣ

Ҫ

18ܱͣߵĹҾʶҪԡ1784꣬˹԰˹ӡϿȺȵʾȨвԺĻ

1920꣬еڹŲ䡢ô󡢰ĴǡϷǡձ18ǩ˹߶ԼŲ˹ƥαȺгּȫȨԼĹõŲɹϽ1925꣬йǰ¹ȹμӸԼ

1933꣬ԺΪϼ뱱ҪоУԵʷϵĿǡı档1941꣬뵤ͬڸվء

սʱڣڱͨ˫ڱذ˴½޼ʵ䳡ϱıΪDZͧṩ˶״ȴ׷ٵľѳսڼ䣬һֱDZ̨ͧ

ڣԼκιӵСΧĹңô󡢶˹Ų͵󣨸ӵа200ר

Ϲ󷨹ԼһҿʮʱרȨ ݴˣŲ(1996)˹(1997)ô(2003)͵(2004)չ˶ijЩҪƻ

200782գһҶ˹̽СDZͧƽһźͺƽڱ㸽ɹDZһ1׸ߵѽƵĶ˹ڱµĺϣԡ֤Ƕ˹ΧDZΪѧ̽⣬ڱµĺΪǷչԱ󺣵׵ľ޴Դĵǡ

ͼô󶼶Զ˹ľٶ飬Աƿ;ϰ;ػ

սԵλ

ڵϵԭͨǴӶһ̺ߡΪˣ̽ռǰͺ̣ͨŷǴ½뱱½֮Ķߺߡսڼ䣬ӢΪսʣ˱ߡ߳Ϊͬ˹ϵҪͨһDZյҪۿڣĦ˹˺Ͱ˹ˡ1941928տͨӢڻ19455£ͬ˹Ⱥɳʮ֧Ӻ37ҵдֻ743䴬ʧ85ҡͬ˹ṩսʶ˺ܴãҲʿġ

Ȼս֮սʼΪDZ̨ͧ˫DZͧڱǵͨµºDZͧȡ鱨

20072008ǹʼ꣬һֵıȨҲٴ𡣶˹ڱº֮󣬼ô20078717վΪOperation Nanookľϰ810գôڱ½һѵĺһˮۡҲƻ2008ڰ˹ӱεİ޹۲վԻأֱСʹֻ߹̶ɻִкԮ

̬ϵͳ

ǵĴƬδ֮һ˱ֶԺͻҪȦСԼ򵥵ṹʹñ̬ϵͳʮִ޸ǿԽԽƵѾԱ̬Ӱ졣ĵرֲ⵽ƻΪڶදвΣķܵأ̬ܵƻЩֲ޴Ӱ졣

Ⱦ

طԱȽϸɾֲԴŽصȾԵؾĽӰ죬컯ѧƷۼȾﺬ˿ܼĶлҪߡô󱱲ȵصиչѧŮӤﵽӤһDZϼϺɺ΢ڿý£γȵĴƮƹĶ̼򡢷̳ũҩȾϣγ˱ϼϼ2050ʼ֣Ҫŷ޹ҵҺǰҵŷŵĽ⣬ڴЯĹɱȻѧɷҲȾػ

жŵ¹

1986426գǰڿжŵ˵վ˶սĺ¹ʡ¹ʹôԼ 100300137йΪɢ֮һǰڣ֮һŷң֮һ뱱Լ10ͷѱ¹ԼԹܵȾΣֲµҲܵȾ޿ܳʮꡣܵDZӰ죨Ҫǰ֢ڡ

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