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ԼѶ

2015-9-20 14:40|鿴:14503|:0|:С

ԼѶ

ԼѶ

ԼѶ (John Muir1838421ըC19141224) ˶䡣ĴȻ֣̽ʡרرǹڼǵڻɽΪѶԼ׵ɽȣthe Yosemite ValleyȻԭҪĻֲ֯the Sierra ClubԴȻļֵۣƴȻƷ˼̶ܴӰִ˶Ϊҹ԰֮

ѶոDunbarĸDaniel MuirAnn Gilryeڰ˸ŮеӰѶMargaretSarahбѶ׵DavidDanielAnnMary (˫̥)ԼJoanna

ѶԴУʱ飬̶ܴӰ쵽ܣһǼСʱ䳤ܵźػʱ̫Ƥɱ¾˵صСֻΪѰһ̼

1849꣬ѶƾMarquette County, WisconsinʼӪũѶ˹ѧ˼ѧûд˵Ĵѧҵ롰Ұѧӡڰߵó̳1000Ӣ1866굽1867󲿷ʱʱIndianapolisĹҵʦһι¹ƻԭƻǰűΪǰǡ

ԼѶ

ԼѶ1902

18683£Ѷִɽɽڵ֪иԼ׵ٵĵط漴ǰԼ׵ɽסˣдûĸĵÿԸԼ׵ȡ(Լ׵)ǴȻ׳ǰڻɽɽ´ȻȺ˶ɴˣѱԱ

18695£Pat DelaneyѶṩһļɽпDelaneyȺˡѶ˸߲ҵؽݹһֱȺԼ׵죬Ѷʵ˴塢Mount DanaͽԽ˴Bloody CanyonMono LakeĴͳӡڰҲʱʼ˼γԼ̬ϵͳۡ

ѶȰƬأջϰJames HutchingsָԼ׵ɽȻһݲľĹѶǸķңһˮĥиε⣬ѶԼ׵СϪΪԼһСݡ

ѧرѧȰռĿʱ䣬ѶܿȷɽȼܱߵòʱձܵĹ۵㣬ΪʹɽγɵԵĵԼǡᣨ䣩Ѷ۵ĴͼѶѶֻһҵమߣЩѧʱѧ·˹ͬѶ۵㣬ǡһλ߱б˶ˡ

1871꣬Ѷʥĸ淢һԾĸɽ˷ʹ۸Ϊܡһλңд౨漰£еԶŦԼҲһ꣬Ѷż֮һ߶ࡤĬԼ׵ѰѶԭ˹ǴѧĽEzra CarrJeanneѶ۵㡣ǻѶˣĬѧ䣬·˹Լ Լ߶סֶ١ء÷ķԼԼɪտء

18723£Lone Pineŷ˹ȷ˴𣨲μ1872Lone Pine𣩣Լ׵ɽǿСѶѺ˷ܵܳСݣߺA noble earthquakeһΰĵ𣩡ɽȾԼֻĹ۵㣬µ𽫵ɽȵǿֱ䡣Ѷ£¹⣬µʯ黬¼ʹѶɽγɵĹ۵㡣

ѶȻʱԼڱ紵ҡڵˣȻҪ֪һͿһغֽƷľٶ˿ȻĿȡ

˽еоѶԼ׵ٵ֡1873ꡢ1874꣬ɽҰ⿼죬Ҫоֵķֲ̬1876꣬ѧٽᷢѶھֲ̬ġ

1880꣬ѶLouisa Wanda Strentzel飬ĸĸλڼMartinez (ɽɽһС)ӵһܴ͹԰ʮʱѶھӪúܳɹȥʱ˼ֵ25ԪŲǵķԼڳΪ˹ҵʷַʱŮWandaHelenȺ

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1888꣬ڹStrentzelҵ7֮ѶоЩ㲡ֲѧCharles Parryͬ£Ѷǰ̫ƽԼ˹гΪѶת۵㡣Ѷ˺ֿʼдɽ

ԼѶ

һΰʷʱ̣ԼѶ˹ͳһڹ԰ڿ죬ͳûκӣѶδɽжգ֮ʤعҹ԰ˡ

о

ѶΪͶ˾޴ľԼ׵ԼڻɽԤΪءЩܵвرȺΪȳ桱18896£ѶľӰġCentury־Robert Underwood JohnsonTuolumne Meadows¶ӪĿ˴ȺԲݵصƻJohnson˺Ѷ·ŽֹڻɽĸɽзͬʱԼӰύ鰸Լ׵Ϊҹ԰ҲǺԼ׵ٹҹ԰

1890930գѶڡCentruy־ƪͨ˸鰸Ѷʧǣ鰸Լ׵ɽȽơȡIJʤ1892528գѶ齨˻ֲ֯ѡΪϯ22ֱȥ1894꣬ĵһThe Mountains of Californiaǵɽ档

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18967£ѶһλGifford PinchotΪѣڶ죬PinchotͼֽϷʾ֧ɭֱѶPinchot棬Ҫ͡PinchotĹ۵㣬ѶҲٸʲôϸ𡱡ϵIJ죬Ѹٵ»˶ֳӪѶ쵼ıɣԼPinchotάɡѶԽȻҵڲ־չۣOutlookHarper's WeeklyAtlantic MonthlyWorld's WorkԼCenturyѶǿھϵļֵPinchotȻԴĽǶȣΪ޶ȵҵһֽ˫ȻԴĹȿ罫ɭֿ

1899꣬Ѷ·E. H. HarrimanԼһЩѧң76׵ĺִGeorge W. ElderŰ˹Ӻߣһ̽СHarrimanͨӰѶڹͨ˻

1903꣬ͳ¶ࡤ˹Ѷڹ԰һСѶ˹Ӽǵİ¿𳵳ǰRaymondͳԱһվǰ԰У;ѶͳĿǰɽȴԴĿڣû԰˹ͳѾ򶯣Ҳʶֻͨй滮ɽȲܵԱ档

԰ͳ͵ɽȵ׳ɫҪѶȥԼ׵١гǰҰ¶ӪΧŻѣһ̸ֱ۵ҹGlacier Pointʿߣڶ峿ѩƮ䡣һ˹ҹ

ѶֲͨŬȡ1905꣬Mariposa GroveԼ׵ɽȣҹ԰ѶLouisa190586ȥ

ԼѶ

1964Ʊ,Լ.Ѷ

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19141224գԼ‧ѶףɼļҽԺ(ڵļҽԺҽѧ)ȥ76ꡣ֮ǰȥŮHelenǵSteve RoperΪѶȥΪˡ

Hetch HetchyѶŲ

Լ‧Ѷ֮귢300ƪºʮ飬봴˻ֲ֯Ŀǰг130Ա

мƻTuolumneӽˮӣˮΪɽɽˮ⣬ۿʼԴʩѹHetch Hetchy ɽȽ𣬴˼ƻ⵽ѶǿҷԣΪƳHetch HetchyԼ׵ɽȡֲѶRobert Underwood Johnsonһ𷴶ɽȱͣѶдŸ˹ͳֹù̡ۣڶԸù̵Ĺ۵ֻ˹ļޡѷͳ19131219ǩ˴޽ⳡսĽɽȱ٣ѶԴ˸еΪʧ䡣

ԼѶŲˡѶϵõ˷һAccess Adventure֯רŰϰʿν



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