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ǵ˹

ǵ˹

ǵ˹ܣӢAdam Smith172365գϴ1790717գǵʷ˹ǵʷܷոѧҺ;ѧңġۡΪ˵һͼŷҵҵչʷⱾ鷢չִľѧѧƣҲṩִóסʱ־ۻ

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˹ո򿤵Ŀ¿Ƶϣȷеijڲ172365ڿ¿Ƶϴι˰Աĸǰ6±ȥڴԼ4ʱ˹һȺչգܿ㱻Ȼء

ڴԼ14ʱ˹ܽ˸˹ѧڡġ˹˳ƺɭĽ̵жѧ˹ʱڷչɡԡɵ顣1740ţѧ¶ѧԺ˵ţʱڶıҵûжӰ족1746뿪ţѧ1748ںķHenry Home¿ʼڰѧݽڿΡ޴ѧʹѧʼоƸķչ30ʱһβ˾ѧġȷ׵츳ƶȡЩд뱻ΪۡġƸʺԭоһڴԼ1750ʱʶӣ˳ΪܵĺѡҲʶһЩںΪո˶ֵ

˹ܵĸ׶ǿȤҼºɵո̻Scottish PresbyterianismԴ1690ո̣˹ܿǰӢѰӢְ̻ҵģµʵԾ顣ΪصոԭȻδ֪ܿ϶ʱ˹ѾΪȻˡ

1751˹ܱΪ˹ѧ߼ѧڣ1752εѧĽڡĽݰѧ޴ѧѧξѧԼΰ˰ա1759ˡۡThe Theory of Moral Sentimentsһ飬廯һڸ˹ĽݡڵʱЩоķʹ˹ܻ˹㷺ЩоҪ͸ٽߺԹ֮ĸ黥йͨ༴ԱĻԷչоΪdz˹ġ˵ġ൱ͻȲɳIJ͹ɭһ⡰֪Ҳһڹ壬Ǹͬϵġ

˹ܵڿԶµۣרעڷѧ;ѧϡʱ˼뷢չһѧ1763¼ڿαʼǵ֪1763ףμҲ£Charles TownshendҲ˹ʶ˴ӵˣṩ˹һΪĹᣬĶӡҲǺIJ³˹˽˼ҽ̡˹ܴȥڴѧĽְλ17641766ĵһͬŷޣڷ˹Ҳʶ֪ʶӵľӢ簢-ޱ-ſˡŶʹʱҪǸߡΡũѧɵ쵼ˣ˹ܼΪۡڻصɿɿغ˹ڽ10ʱרע׫дľƸʺԭоֳΪۡ1776档Ȿ鱸Ƴ粢ұձ˹Ҳ֮롣1778һոĹ˰ְλԺĸһͬסڰ1790717ڰȥŲʱǷȻܹ൱һֵ;

˹ִܵոѧѡѧҺͻѧԼɪ򡤲׿Լѧղķ˹ն٣James Hutton˹δҪһ˹ΪʺϷں½1795ġѧʷHistory of AstronomyԼѧļEssays on Philosophical Subjects

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˹󲻾ãָ弸ȫˡǰһƺƻ׫дƪҪģһƪйطɵۺʷһƪǺѧйءųġѧļ¼ĿǺһƪĵIJ֡

ۡһ˹ӰⱾھѧĴмףʹѧΪһŶѧơ磬Ȿ˵ǾѧйӰһΪ壨ΪǾóɹɻȱۣķⱾ1776ӢҪó׵ˡЩ˻ΪʱõļѺƶΪսɵġ˶˵ó׵ŵ㣺ӢȻάꡣ

һҲũѧɶصӣ෴ģ˹ΪͶҪģͶֹܴЧʡһdzɹʵϻѧɵ۱ľѧ˹޲ء˹ʹͼרעڽ˹ܵΪƵĹŵ侭ѧִѧɴ˹˹ܵ۽һ˿ʣϣͼ˹ɡΪ˿ڹʣ¹ǿڵIJζ޷ɡ˹ܼ蹤ʵ۵ڽ쿴Ϊ׼ȷ

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ǵ˹ܵġۡľѧ϶ǹŵ侭ѧĿˡ

ǵ˹⡱

ǵ˹ǿͬ顱ġۡǿ˽ġۡǷìһֱкܴۡѧԼɪܱسΪǵ˹⡱das 'Adam Smith-Problemڵһ˹ƺǿڴƶµͼΪͬԣڹ򱻷Ϊ֡ǵ˹ƣʱԼжʱҲͬ档˽ìܣҲָදխìܡⲢʾ˹ܵĵһ˽Ҫԣд

ˣұͷֳĻܼܹƺȻļȶĿꡣЩĿԣҲ෴Ķϲ־ֵ㡢־ֵȫȻǿҵЩĿ꣬ûбdzٻɿ෴ģȻָԭʼѸٵʵЩĿķʽڿʡѰԵĿ֡ͶʹĿ־壬ʹЩֶ䱾ĿģЩжʵԭδ뵽ĽΰȻ趨Ŀꡣ

ǵ˹ܱ˲Ϊߴìܣڹһַ˾΢ĵ۰汾Ϊٺ˽նͬĿꡣ

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һΪ˵һͼŷ޲ҵҵչʷҲΪ˿չִѧƵҲṩʱóΪҪ֮һӰ˺ľѧҡ

һԭʼ汾һЩ飬һЩеܸĵĽΪºͣԷϵʱijЩ˼Ӻϵ˹ļȶۡȷ˹ܵ۶ֻ򵥵ʷ򽫻Զ岢óףʱѷչʮ꣬ѶмӰ졣Σ˹ܵƷ㷺֯ǵۣǾѧΪҪӰ鼮֮һ

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