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ڲýͣ ϷڼӾ˽

2015-2-28 11:51

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ϷڳΪ˽ڻӾ˽Ϸó׵ǣΪǷ׵ĻִԱͶԷЧαøѡ

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ڲýͣ ϷڼӾ˽

 

226գйʱֹڡΣҰֲֹó׹ԼЧƷʩʵʩΪһ꣬ýƷó׵ĹעʵйƷĽڱͲ͸ñͣ

 

ŷ1989ͨƷƵķ(European Council Regulation 338/97)1947֮ǰŶ⣬ֹκҵƷĽڡ֯(Save the Elephants)2005ı棬ŷЧó׼гήΪУ1974굽2004һ;¹1981굽2004˳75%;ӢǼͨͺ2004Ӣгۼ۱1988۸񻹵ͣŷ˸Ϊҵսᡣ

 

ֹͬҵƷڡݡΣ(Endangered Species Act, ESA)ͽֹó׵涨(Directors Order 210)ϷƷ1976ĹŶƷ⣬ҵƷڡںͶΥΥ˽10Ԫķ/һ漰˽ĸ˻525ԪĴɴֹۣŦԼݺݡ

 

ݡϷĩ2011ı19701989꣬ڵԺͷǷɱ130ͷ60ͷ1989ǩġΣҰֲֹó׹Լ(CITES,¼ơԼ)ȫֹƷĹóסйΪԼҲ1990ֹƷóסݡϷĩ1990йĵǼǿΪ80֣2005ǰĴ󲿷йҵٵա2006̡ʱءѡйҼĻŲ¼йʼѰڵ;2009ԡ̷ĻŲǷչҵΪ˵ˡԼίԱᣬͬйϲҳ۵60ִ

 

ԼίԱҰ(World Wildlife Fund, WWF)1997ʵԵһ(One-off)Ϸ۴ƷʽͼձгƷ󣬻ԷѹձҰﱣЭı棬ձ˽δ½ձг25%˽۸Ϊ֤ҵжǡ־2012ıйһ2002ıо桶ԼίԱᣬйʱⱵ˽ΡԼó׵ĺϷʵ顣

 

ʰЭָܴϷĴ߶׵ķǷԲ⣬󣬸̼˵Իй׼ĺϷӹ20049ӵ201337ңй׼ĺϷ۵2014312013145ңݹʰЭ(IFAW)2011йг棬ʱǷҵǺϷҵ2Ƿó(˽)ǺϷó׵Ľ6ȻйνзĻŴǷչҵóŵйԺϷڲһ֮󣬹֯óϢϵ(ETIS)ͷ֣Ĵģ޵100%ϡ

 

һ棬ϷڳΪ˽ڻӾ˽ҵҰ(USFAWS)ֳ•ʲ(Daniel Ashe)ͱʾϷó׵ǣΪǷ׵ĻִԱͶԷЧαøѡ

 

ӵЧ׹ϵϷó׵ĻΪˡϷйӪƺղ֤ƶȣԼίԱ֤Լƹҵв̬ӹ̱뾭һʸˣÿһ۵ƷҲйҵְ䷢ղ֤50ϵIJƷղ֤ϸƷƬ

 

й׹ȴʵͬ裬Ʒ󣬺Ϸҵԡ֤ҪʱΪɣݲṩղ֤֤ԭƷĿյǷƷԽִ߲Ƿ֤öµġͿԼʹȥֺϷ۵㻹ղ֤⡢ۣúϷó׳Ϊ˽ڻʰЭ2011ĵʾ62.5%(20)ĺϷ㣬ƷṩӦղ֤;43.7%(14)߷þ㽨߲Ҫղ֤

 

ҵ־600йв׼ʿ(볬20Ԫ)ĵ飬ӽ60%ܵΪɹ涨Υ򡰹Ա(illegal to purchase under any circumstancesor the strong recommendation of a government leader)ֹͣƷЧķʽ

 

ֹó׶ڱҰЧԣϿʲ׶ķ֯硰ɳͼʲ(shahtoosh)8090ɳͼʲǧԪ²⵽Բɱݹý19961997꣬ľʨȪӺز˽޾ʹ843.85ÿֻ0.2ɿϢIJԭ20ֻʱIJ2ֻΪΣ(IUCN A2d)йҪֹóס1989꣬ԼҲ˽ֹʽ׵¼1993꣬޵ҪӹӡȽֹ˲ƷĽ(Indian Wildlife Protection Act)ҪǣҰﱣ֯Ҳʲ׶ķ֯ҵתӹʲɽޣʹŷʱҵټʹɳͼʲ硣йýÿԼ7.9%ٶȻָ20007ָ֧201320ֻ

 

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