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2015-2-10 10:49|鿴:5795|:0|:С

600ǧ׵ľϹۿʮ̫ĺڶ

600ǧ׵ľϹۿʮ̫ڶģͼΪϵ

ǰء˹̹1916귢üִۣѧоˮƽ۽ţɰ۵ĿУڴ˻ӦõЧԭڹУΪʱյһּԣʣʱ봦ʱе-ֱϵϵʽǰ˹̹̣һ׷ƫ΢ַ飩

ӹ۵õйԤԺ;еĶӦԤԷdzͬйʱסռΡ˶ԼĴ⣬ڵʱ͡ƺʱӳЧӦ۵ԤΪֹѾͨй۲ʵ֤˵۲ǵΨһۣȴܹʵϵۡȻһЩδܽ͵ļνۺĶͳһӶһ걸Ǣۡ

˹̹ĹѧŷdzҪӦãֱƵijЩսΪһڶʱеijЩȵŤⶼ޷ݳ֤ݱڶԼڶijЩϵ΢ǿȷֱӳ򡣹еƫۻγ͸ʹܹ۲쵽ңԶλõͬһĶ񡣹ۻԤĴڣѾӹ۲֤ʵֱӹ۲ǵ񼤹̨۲ƻĿꡣ⣬ۻִѧģ͵ۻ

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1905갮˹̹ۺʼνۿܵ˼һ״̬Ĺ۲ߵʵΪ㣬1907꿪ʼ˳Ķ۵̽·ʹ֮191511³ʿѧԺ˷ԣİ˹̡̹˴ʱеӰΧʱռΣΪ˰˹̹Ĺ۵ĺġ

˹̹һ׷ƫ΢ַ飬ѧҪ÷̵Ľһdzѵ¡˹̹˺ܶƷ̵ó˺ܶԤԡܿŵѧҿʷ1916õ̵ĵһƽӹȷ⡪ʷȹ棬о̮ս׶Σڶۻͬһ꣬ʷչеɵоҲʼУս˹-ŵ˹ķȹ棬ӦǴɵľ̬ڶ1917갮˹̹Ӧ棬ѧо򡣿ǵͬʱڵѧоо̬ѧ˵ԱΪܣ˹̹һµijⱻ泣ú͵ʱġ۲⡱ϡȻ1929꣬˵Ĺ۲ǵ洦״̬Ӧ1922Ѿɽ󡤸ĸ̣ͬɰ˹̹ƳõⲻҪκθӵ泣ʱʦ÷ӦЩ⹹ըģͣģԤǴһ¸״̬ݻġ˹̹泣һзµ

ǸʱԱһظСǢܹͺܶţ޷͵ȻҪţۡ˹̹1915֤˹νˮķյ̲ҪκθӲνӡһʵ֤ɪپʿ̽նȵ۲⵽ʳʱĹ̫еƫۣƫ۽ǶȺ͹۵ԤȫţԤԵƫ۽ǵһȫֽ౨һʱʹ˹̹պաֱ19601975䣬۲оҰһʱڱ۵Ļƽʱѧ˺ڶĸܹͨѧʴʶڶ̫ϵܹеĸȷĹ۵ʵ֤һչʾ˹۷ǷԤѧԤҲͬסʵ۲ļ顣

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ѧһԭǣκһ˶ɿһκ˶˶һƫ˶ϡƫʩϵãСͷѭţٵڶɣСĹԼٶȣٶȷͬ˶ʱյļֱأѧڱ׼οϵµĹ˶ֱ˶ù۵˵˶Ĺ켣ʱռϵ·ߣɿɷ˹ʱֱߡ

С䵽ڼٵĻĵذϣ󣩺䵽ϣңеĹ۲߻ΪС˶켣ûʲô

 

С䵽ڼٵĻĵذϣ󣩺䵽ϣңеĹ۲߻ΪС˶켣ûʲô

ԭϽҲͨ۲˶״̬ã總ӵĵĦȣжĹ˶ʣӶʱռΡʱַһЩ֮ţԼ˴˶֤ʵһձԣҲЧԭ༴ȼۣκβĹ켣ֻijʼλúٶйأ빹ɲIJʵ޹ءһʵһ򻯰汾ͨ˹̹ʵ˵ͼʾһСķտռеĹ۲߶ԣ޷ͨ۲С˶켣жԼǴڵϵĵУǴһõڼٵĻٶȵڵٶȣΪԱȣڵųеĴС˶ͼٲοϵеС˶ǿͨͬСЯͬĵֵġڿռдڷֲı仯ЧԭҪϾֲ㹻Сʱе˶;һٲοϵеĹ˶ȫͬġ

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ȶԳ¿׶ĸͼ׶еṹÿһʱе¼AԭܹͨٶСڹٵźŻ໥Ӱ쵽¼A¼AӰһ¼ϵͼе¼BҲһ鲻ܻӰ¼ϵͼе¼CЩ¼ϵ۲޹ء׶ϵԵʱյİȹ棬׼ȷһֵӣѧǹνṹĶ塣

۵ĽıǶΨһԵĹϵͳͶһֱʽʹð˹ֽ̹Чԭһ㷺ĿУڷտռеĹ۲۲ʲôͶС򣩶޷ԼǴǼٲοϵСָΪİ˹̹Чԭ㹻СʱԼеʽֲͨʵ̽⵽ΧĴڡǽԱԵǰᣬ˶ԱԵʵʰһʵģ͡Ĵڲ谮˹̹Чԭ֪䲻ȫֵĹϵֻڸһ˶ľֲƹϵʱ˵õĹϵļֱʱߣʵʱлñ˴໥ζıʱյļνṹ˹̹Чԭɴ˰ʾӦʱķ룬޼ٶȵĹ˶µȫͬĶ塣

ʵݱеʱӲʱ䡪۵ԳΪʱ۶ɵԼʱռε˵ʱղɿɷ˹ȹ档ţ۶ⰵʾһָһļѧ΢С߶д״̬IJοϵǵЧģҶɽΪɿɷ˹ʵƽֱȹ档ڴǶɿɷ˹ʱյһԸõĶȹڵʱռΡ˵ʱеijȺͽǶαġ۵ɿɷ˹ȹ棬ֶȹ汻سȹαȹ档ÿһȹ涼Ȼһر类ά-ά磻ʵܹ㰮˹̹ЧԭҪʹʱվоֲɿɷ˹ԣָһʺϵľֲϵ¶ȹɿɷ˹Եģȹĵϵ˹зѶŶΪ㡣ϿԹΪڰ˹̹ʱһֿ΢ΣھֲƽֱģϿܾзdzͬȫּΡ

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Ķȹۣǰ˹̡̹άʱռѧ봦ʱʵ-֮Ĺϵѧ塢˶ȣڹжӦʱеĹ˶ûνʹ˶ƫԭȻֱ˶·ʱԵļѧı䣬ʹеʱ̵·˶ʱյɴʱеʵ-ıġԼյĻ˵ʱո˶ʱ

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ѾʵмĹ۲еõ֤ʵͲеʱӻЧӦҲѾͨԭӽйβǰIJʱӻȫλϵͳвһӰ졣ЧӦǿеIJͨ˫ǵĹ۲ɵģеʵ͹ڵǰIJ£ǻܴжЩ۲⵽׸ֹ֧ۻͬЧԭۡ

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һ޵ľ̬ɿɷ˹˹ͼ

һ޵ľ̬ɿɷ˹˹ͼ

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˹оע⵽ṹҪԣӶչνȫּΡȫּоĶǰ˹̵̹һض⣨һ⣩һЩв߶ĹϵRaychaudhurịԼʱԵķԼ裨ͨνʽƵԽۡ

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ȫּ¿֤ЩʱдڱӽķֽߣǽʱеһǺڶѹռеһ㹻СкسΪʷ뾶ûйܴڲݳκٶȶ޷٣ڶڲҲӽڡӽ֮⵽ӽ֮ڵͨȻǴڵģڶӽΪһַֽ߲ʵϡ

һתڶܲ㣬ڴתڶȡĹаҪɫ

һתڶܲ㣬ڴתڶȡĹаҪɫ

ڵĺڶоҪð˹̵̹ľȷ⣬ĽԳƵʷ⣨̬ڶͷԳƵĿ˶⣨ת̬ڶɴܲȤԣоͨȫּνʾ˸Ĺںڶʣоһ൱ʱڶݻΪһ൱򵥵Ŀʮһȷ壬Ƕijһʱ̵λúɡһʿɹΪڶΨһԶڶûëڶûIJͬIJͬǡ磬徭̮γɺڶĹ̷dzӣγɵĺڶȴ൱򵥡

ֵһǺڶоѾõһԼڶΪһԶɣⱻڶȣѧЩѧкǿȹϵݺڶѧĵڶɣһڶӽԷʱ٣һѧϵͳأҲͨ䷽磬˹̣ܴһתڶ޶ȵسȡЩǿҰʾ˺ڶѧʵѧɵһӼڶıسȡԽһڶѧɡ磬ںڶѧڶѧڶɵһ֣֪ڶıҲпܼСֻҪij֤ϵͳӵġѧΪ¶Ϊȵ壬Խһ֪ڶӦҲȷ䣻뾭ۼȷʵȷ䣬кڶı䵱ʿ˺䶨¶ȵĽɫַ䣨μһڣ

ۻԤ͵ӽģͣһУ۲߿ֹܻᷢȥijЩܱ۲⣨νӽ硱δijЩܱӰ죨¼ӽʹƽֱɿɷ˹ʱУ۲ߴһٵIJοϵʱҲӽ磬ЩӽҲа뾭еݳ䡣

۵һձȴŵɫʱյķֽߡij֡ʱտͨʱIJ̽Щ·ǹӼ˶еĿܹ켣˹̵̹ijЩСֲڵıԵⱻʱ㣬ЩʱIJ߻ͻȻֹЩûжõʱռҪ˵ǣ㡱ܲһ㡱Щ̵ĽġֲڱԵڼϵ£һ㡱ʽ֣˶ڶġ滷ȣһϵָ㣬˵ЩʱʵļΪ޴νԵģ㱾ϲķ룺Щȹijض»󣬵Щ㲻ԣʵǹ⻬ģҲδ㣨ߵսᣩӰԶ̬ʷڶڲ㣬ԼԶתĿ˶ڶڲĻ״㡣-÷-޲ѷ-ֶ˶ȹ棬Լʱռζйȥ㣨ߵĿˣⱻը㣬Щδ㣨ѹ

ǵЩģͶǸ߶ȶԳƴӶ򻯵ģǺȥ²ijǷֻ״̬µIJȻȻȫּ֤㶨ָǹ۵һձɫκʵ巢̮ﵽһض׶κ󶼻γ㣬һϵģҲһ㡣㶨ݻû漰ʣЩȷһṹνBKL˵ǵǰоҪ⡣һ棬ڶɵƻԣһӽ֮е㱻ΪҪùһ㡱㣬ʶල˵Ϊδʵ㣨ûԳԵľʵʵγɵ㣩ᱻӽ֮ڣӶԹ۲߲ɼȻ㡣ܻûʵ֤֤һ㣬ֵģĽ֧һ˵ȷԡ

ݻ

ÿһ˹̵̹Ľⶼһ棬溬Ȱռ䣬Ҳ˹ȥδDzǷӳijЩġաʱյȫд档ÿһרضжʱλõʱռκ״̬˹̹ۿȥͬ۶Ҫָһϵͳݻ̣ѧеİ׷˹ضһϵͳڸʱ̵״̬֪ݻܹϵͳڹȥδ״̬˹̹еĸǰ໥õģָûʱȻǷԵģҲй̶ıṹ߶ϻᷢݻ

Ϊ˸Ⱞ˹̹ʱйصƫ΢ַ̣Խдijܹʱݻʽʽ3+1ֽ⣬ʱձΪάռһάʱ䡣ʽADMʽַֽ¹۵ʱݻ̾õʣʵijʼ·нⲢΨһġ̵ġ3+1ֽʽֵ۵о

ȫֺ׼ֲ

ݻ̵Ĺеһϵڰ˹̹УһϵͳƼ򵥵ĸ޷ҵһձԵĶ塣ԭڣԭϲijпԾ򻯵

ˣͼͨ;һϵͳǿܵģھУĶʱƽƲԵغͨϵͳĹܶʽڹУ;ԷֱõĶ壺

ʱKillingʸֵͨõʱƽƲµغΪһ̬ʱյ

ADMһƽֱʱн۵Ĺܶʽжϵͳ

һϵͳбЯԶȥõĽԶİЩֵ֤ͩͽǶҲȫֵӦ塣ⷽолкܶͼν׼ֲijԣͨһϵͳڵ޿ռаϵͳೢԼϣܹҵһõϵͳʽ绷˵ijָȷʽ

۵Ĺϵ

˵ִѧ֧֮һôΪǽ˽Լ̬Ļ۾ִһ֧ȻνеĸӦõ۵ĿȻһδܽ⡣

ʱеӳ

ΪִѧĻͨϵӳǽƽֱɿɷ˹ʱеģڴе΢ӵһdzõĽơijЩУǿӰ쵽еӻʵҪҲӻΪѧҷչʱеӳۡЩ۽ھĹıʱգ˹廯ʱеӳۣ֤ۡͨڶҲͨͷųӣ⼴ǻ䣬пֻͨƵºڶǰںڶѧо˹ؼá

ʵӻʱյļλ֮˴˲ԣԼʱ޴ζṹΪ΢۳߶ȣij֣ЩҪһ۵ĽҪܹԺڶڲԼֵеصʱռҪӻѧΪ˺ܶŬжDZʵĺѡѾչ໹ûܵõһƵǢۡ

һ-εͶӰĽάȵһַ

һ-εͶӰĽάȵһַ

ӳΪĻѾֻܹ໥ãͼӳ۵Ŀеijȴص⡣ڵֳȡ˳ɹһɱܵЧӣۣڸõģǷɢģ

Ȧеһ

Ȧеһ

ͼ˷ЩƵij֮һۣоλǵ״ӣһάҡпܳΪܹӺͰڵĻ໥õĴͳһۣǵάռĻάĶάȵȷԡνڶγҸУDz²ⳬۣԼ볬ԳƵͳһνܹһʮһάģ͵һ֣ģͽMۣΪܹһΨһԶǢۡ

һֳеӻӦù۵ijֵʽμݻһڣǻ-ط̣Ѧ̷̣Ȼһ¶岢걸νؿ£ܹõһǰ;ģͣȦпռһֱ״ṹɢʱݻ

ȡڹۺеЩʿԱܱʲôҪ仯ijۻкܶ࣬綯ʷ֡ϡŤԼ·ֵѧģ͡

ЩԺѡ۶ʽϺ͸ϵҪҪǶһͬ⣬ûа취ʵ֤۵Ԥԣ޷֮ͨijЩԤԵIJͬбȷԡϣʵ۲⻹Ҫϣδѧ۲Լصʵ𽥳Ϊܡ

ǰչ

ѧоУѾΪһ߶ȳɹģͣΪֹѾͨÿһȷĹ۲ʵļ顣ȻˣȻ֤ʾ۲ôƵģѰԼʱʵȻдʵ۲õְ֧ʺͰڵݽҲڰһѧĽߺŹ۲⵽ķЧӦҲ֪ͣҲһѧٵԤ档֮Ȼֵ̽ĿԣѧѧѰıԣԼ˹̵̹Ļԣϸµĵڽкڶϲȸֵģ⣻һֱӹ۲⵽ľҲǰУϣܹڱܴﵽǿöд۵ȷԵĻᡣڰ˹̹۾ʮ֮󣬹Ȼһ߶ȻԾо

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