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2015-2-5 10:08|鿴:12128|:0|:С

е޵ƶ

е޵ƶڷ̻׻34ʱ𡣶DZھʿ̹ͳһ̻ἰ۹ǰĿߣԽ̻ˮƽƫ͡ͽʲ롣ʱһЩ߳ע˾ӴĮʿϣ˼ǡɳĮʿϣ˼ǡԡϣ̦Ϧͦόςmonachos˶ʳΪdzƶʥࡢ˳ԣÿЩ

ޡ޵ʽ߻ᵽҰ޵ǾͱΪʿʥΪһλʿΪΪ˷ЧͻȻ֮䣬޵ʽ˳ӿ⵱һλʿš˹̩أSimeon Stylites޵УΪ̫ΪǰȥݷášòƵһ֮ϼ޵ʮꡣ͸ͽԵʳԡ޵ʽӶתչΪ޵ʽһλʿPachomiusʼġййɵʽʿһͬӡͶͳݡ޵߲ǸġġĸĸİʿпܻɢΣա

Ҫ

ʥSaint Anthony the Great

Anthony250ꡪ356ꣿƶĴʼˡڰв KomaΪأCopticˡԭũԼʥ񼸣ʮ¶ʮһУҮѰ˵ĻԸȫˣȥеģָˣͱвƱϣ㻹ҪҡһУĴׯԸԼ270꣩ʮ뿪ȺɳĮѨʿ֮ƣʳ...ϾɳĮ޵Ϊĸʿ䷶Anthonyǣʳ...Ȳˮϴ...Ҳϴš275꿪ʼʮЧ޵ʽ˶Щ˶ӡЩ壬λǣNitria˼˹ScetisĿҰ305ʱЩ֯һиֻƶ뵻

Ӱ

԰ڽӰ

ھʿ̹ۻڸĺ󣬽̻ӿ˳׻ij˴ʱͬһ㣬ɳĮΪʿ

ѣPachomius

޵ʽһλˣ325꿪ʼ޵壬䷴Լ婤˶ӵķʽһͬ޵Ժʽƾӵ֯еĹɡ

Basil the Great

ʹ޵֮ϵгΪ޵ͳ̵ı֣޵Ⱥ̻ҲǵһλṩҽƼʿѧɵ⡣֯ʥʽ̻ʷ˹ŮĹơ̸

ˣPatrick389~461꣩

˱ΪʹͽIJеߣʱ°꣬лӻؼҪصȥڰʱؿ޺޵塣

ʥBenedict of Nursia

С޵峤֮ơʮ޵Ժʥ׼򡯣Rule of St.BenedicԸĸ޵˶޵ԺУľĿŵɽ޵ԺMonte Cassinoġʥ׼ҲɵġʥҪڷܹʵ¡ʥƣҪ裬֮ΪС˫ũõˡ޵ӹ޵Ժںڰʱ崫ĻкܺõĹЧ

ᣨCluny

޵Ժ޵Ժĸ˶Ӱ켫11͹еĽȫĸʮʮ͵ڼеĸĸﶼԳΪĸ˶κࡢʽľף޵ʿר׷Ծ顣κ˵ĿƣֻԽڸDz¸ĸĸ޵Ժݴģʽϡ

˶ƴɵĿ꣺

ظ޵ϸĹء

ʿͶ

չݵĺΰʽ

Чľ֯׵Ŀơ

主ԣƵĹϵʹһȺȥѰһָΪغԭʼ;

Ҫ޻

ƻᣨCistercians

1097ơCisterciansֻģ˹ܳǡMolesme޵һ֧ᡣĿţǶԿ޵һַ֪ȨεԺStephen Harding»һ׼ǿѧΪǵ棬ʳΪũҵչߡĵطԼ޵ԺκγƺšͽԼе֡⿡֯ľճˡҺܼªûװλƱûи˲Ʋ˯СʱСʱÿݼʱ⣬ʱĬ롢顣ʳ棬޵ʿԵú٣ÿճһͷ͡ʳܼ򵥣߲ˡҡٺĶҲֻʥһȡůЩϸĹ涨ʹǵõ޴ijɹ12ĩ530ƻ޵Ժ֮һ150޵ʿǿѵIJɵ£Bernard of ClairvauxĴߡΪ˵ƻʿϣƷе³ߡϤʥСָ񡢱Ϊŷġ

в޻

߳޵Ժͨˣյú;ףΪ޵ֳв޻ᣨMendicant ordersɣ

ûFranciscans

1209ʥóСɮšԡʥ̫ʮ7-9ΪίѶϢʹͽƶļ򵥹ɡҪ󣺾ƶӵвƲǰ˽ѧ硢и͡Ĺʹ˳̡ϵã䡮򯡯ֿΪպǵİ

Dominicans

ʼΪ˵ΪĸǶȸɵͽо־׷֪ʶѧʡ˴һΪ̻ڽȷ档ΪĿ꣬ѧܵ϶ѧ

ͽС޻

ӶĬ޻ᣨ׳ʥ»ᣬCarmelites

˿ĹƶӺʳ16ͺڣصάǵĵиĸʹʥ»ػĬ롢̺ѧо

˹ᣨAugustinian order

ԡʥ¹˹޻ᡣĵ÷е˿Ӧʹá˼ҽԺرϵʿ·¡

ҽԺʿKnights Hospitaller

Դ11ĩΪչ˲ߣÿʮ־֯ʿÿͣչΪľӡ12ͺܶԱʮ־1291꣬սܣ޵µΪ޵µʿ1530Ȩ̸ǣʱΪʿ1798׶ҽԺʿתƵֱ졣

ʥʿKnights Templars

1118ΪҮ·䣬Կ˹ʿ޵šӰ̹ҶԱǵõľƸڰ׶ءʥУʽɿмҵʿŷͻ1312걻ز¡šŷˣάҲɻбѹ



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