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2015-1-30 13:49|鿴:17178|:0|:С

˵ʥĸ(17)Ƿᡤ͵˹άɣ

˵ʥĸ(17)Ƿᡤ͵˹άɣ

ݡԼʥأ/ϣמרים‎MiriamMiryamMarymϣѦά̣Mariaمريم‎ӢMaryԼԪǰ18 C ԼԪ41꣩һסڼգգǵ̫ŮҮĸס½ΪǣΪǣ̷Ϊĩޣ˹Ϊ塣

ͽ϶ԼʥǻǴŮʱ˳ʥжҮյļأ϶ҮĬǣ˵֮ӡʱʥɪ飬ɪȢ֮󣬱ȥ˲㣬Үա

·ӸдǽʹӰԤҮյĽʼжҮչ࣬ʥʷ·Ӽ¼˵ҮʱʮּĬĬҮ֮Ү·ڻУǷdzҪһԱвؾǴδֱ

ΪҪŮڿʼͱ𾴣Сʥĸͯǡơ̻ͳ̻ʥԼ·ڵĻͽǶǡ֮ĸȾԭͯꡢ졣½򲻽Щ۵㣬Ϊʥжд࣬ϲҪ

ϣġԼʥУҮĸ׵ƣϣij֣ƴΪѦά̣Marim򦬦ίMariaЦίɦѦά̱仯ļʽƴڲͬ汾ġԼʥʹáԴϣמִרְיָם‎MiriamMiryamĵMarymԭΪɬ

مريم‎MiryamϣķɡŷʱMariaӢƴMary

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ʥдʹӰзDzԤҪҮ

ʥдʹӰзDzԤҪҮ

󲿷ֹǵԴڡԼʥ

The New Testament account of her humility and obedience to the message of God have made her an exemplar for all ages of Christians. Out of the details supplied in the New Testament by the Gospels about the maid of Galilee, Christian piety and theology have construcTED a picture of Mary that fulfills the prediction ascribed to her in the Magnificat : "Henceforth all generations will call me blessed."

Լʥ͵ǫּ˳ӣʹΪлͽİԴԼʥλŮдͽϺѧ̻ǵȫˡ̡еԤԣҪи

"Mary." Web: 29 Sept. 2010 Encyclopædia Britannica Online.Ӣٿȫ߰棩

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ȸֻһᵽǵ֣һᵽΪҮյĸס

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Լʥжǵƽ¼٣Ԫ͵ƷŸǼ¼ĵһ鼮Ÿ˹ĸĸΪ밲ݣͺܴʱǡ

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ڼСĸĸһ𶨾ɪʱڡ̫ĵһʱʹӰԤʥУΪԤĬ֮ĸ¡Դȫǫ˳˼ŮԸĻɾҰɣ ֮󣬵ɪбʹ֪ǻеʱܾȣʹ漴Ҫ°Ȣɪ̫֮ʽ

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֮󣬺ܸǺɪʹָʾԡҮաΪΪȡ

Ϊ40ȡںɪҮȥҮ·׸÷ɪɣӦ׸ϼڽĬŮ֪ɵԤ֮ɪǴҮշ˼ա

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Уλ߸ָ̫ҮգȷⷢҮոճ󣬻ǺɪҮȥҮ·֮֮ںȺɪȫֱȥΪֹԼڹԪǰ4꣩Żصٴ

Үʱ

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ʥĸ鲢ûϸʥĸҮ¼˼ʥͽ¼еһ1213ڼأҮ֮Үͽʥĸ֡ŮˣһΪȺʥǰԤǰ"˼ʥԭģЩͬһЩŮҮյĸDzֵܣ ͬĺר"

鼮̻ᴫͳ

Լأڼ޸Լɪ֮ǰͻҮգԼɪû˽ԼȻȢǣҳĶҮǼҵijӣӵвƲ̳Ȩĵһ˳λ

½ţڼ޸Լɪ֮ΪĸӣֱǹŸԼ̴ţŮ̻Ϊ⼸ɪеˣҮյֵܽãɪǰġ

ҮҮͽչǵ̻ᴫͳΪλͽʹͽԼҲпǹŸ

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ΪرΪҮնɵ˼ģ֮ͬˣҲΪΪбʥˣԴѧ¬ά񡤰ѣLudwig OttΪӵĴǸպ෴ͬʱΪɻĹ¿ֿ֧ǴĹ۵㡣

̵ĹٷʾҪǷʵǡ֮ĸˡȣȷʵҮյĸףΣҮȷʵʥhȷʵҮյĸףʥдԺܾãԪ4̻ͣȷϡλһΪʱҮճΪԪ5ʱԸϣ˹ܵУҪѧ߾ʿ̹˹Үյֻ֣ǡ֮ĸ(Christotokos)϶֮ĸijνͬǸԡɽҮյԺһ͸϶DZΪ֮ĸǺҲܱ⡣˹ɱΪ˲ܵѹơȿ˶չϣóĽѧĹ۵㡣˹IJö1895ϷԵת䣬˹һɫ˹ļThe Treatise of Heraclides of DamascusDZ֡ڸ˹Ըָ𣬷Ϊϵ֮ĸǵijݣΪԼ绤˹Ľ봫ͳ̻Ĺ۵㲻ͬȿ˶žӶѧ߿ʼɡ˹塱Ƿǽ̻ᴫͳָصġλһ巶Ľ塱ԼԸĽǷ͹˹ΪԼ绤УҮվԣ(ҦԦͦզŦɦ)ԷλΪȫǶ޶λ/⣬ΪλһڵʱҲɽΪԡ19941111գ̻»붫̻ꡤ˹ǩˡ֧ͬ̻õijƺ֮ĸǡ֮ĸthe Mother of Christ our God and Saviour

̻ΪرѡΪҮյˡҲǷˣǵԭĴȾСѾȫ˳̻Ϊش֮ǡֲͽ֮ǡ档̻ʥĸΪ"Theotokos"ǵҮգߣҲɡߡŮϵ֮ĸ

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½ֻ̻̽ϿΪҮڵʱĸҲΪҮյĸףϿǻԵĸ׻ϵ֮ĸ½ΪԷ죬Դ̫֮븸ͬͬͬ𣬶ֻɶƽŮӣҮԵĸӦԱ߾Ϊ֮ĸֹ۵ԸʱΪϵ֮ĸɽǿҷԣǿ˶Եġһɽ̫ѧɴͳ߾˵(hypostatic union)Ϊڻ˶ϳΪһˡ(զԦҦ)ԣһλ񣬵ǿԣԱںԣڻһ˵ӵʿŷ˵Ļһ˵(one-naturism,Eutychianism)451ȿ˶չ鱻Ϊ˶ڹԪ431ԸΪ˹۵1895ϷԵת䣬˹һɫ˹ļThe Treatise of Heraclides of DamascusDZ֡ڸ˹Ըָ𣬷Ϊϵ֮ĸǵijݣΪԼ绤˹Ľ봫ͳ̻Ĺ۵㲻ͬȿ˶žĻӶѧ߿ʼɡ˹塱Ƿǽ̻ᴫͳָصġλһ巶Ľ塱ԼԸĽǷ͹۹˹ΪԼ绤УҮվԣ(ҦԦͦզŦɦ)ԷλΪȫǶ޶λ/⣬ΪλһڵʱҲɽΪԡѧΪ½̵Ŀڵʱֵ̻֧ľʿ̹˹Ҳ½ΪҮյĸףΪҮ֮ĸϵ֮ĸϷԳǻ֮߾Ϊ֮ĸĹ۵㣬ͬ˹Ի⣬½̽ҮվԣϳһλĹ۵㣻Ǿλ⡣½ҲǹľдΪ̼ڽаʥĸʥͽ񣬴˾ٱΪϵ۵ʥͽݼżΪͬʱΪصַΪмΨһбĽɫΥԼĦɷнֹ˹ͨĽ ½̻̽Ტ̹֮Ϊб˵Ϊ½Ϊԭ֮˵б˵ļأʥĸͯĴ˵޿ɿʷ֤Ϊͽɱ˵Ҳĸļ¼Үʱ⵽ܾòĶԴ(̫12:46Լ2:4)Ȼ½ͽԳΪҮյĸǡĸǣΪи˳ϵ۵£ܵϵرļѡǡɴŮӡϵͬڣǡиŮӡ·Ӹ 1:28,42; 11:27½̽ΪͯŮǡһƺţҲЩ̻ΪʥǡʥͽеһλرΪʥĸϵ֮ĸ

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431꣬ԸʱȷΪ֮ĸԴ֮Χʥĸǵĸ־̷κ֮ڽʹáݡһʣʽΪ̵̺Ҫ

ڹԪ553꣬ڶξʿ̹϶ǡͯꡱζԼɪĻֻǹģǴδзκζŮ

1495꣬ǵõ徭ýɽijϣǵľʽͻﵽһ߳ڽ̸ĸʱֽ󲿷ֲֻ½̲ϿɴΪ½̽壬󲿷½̻̽ᷴԡбʥˡĹȻ·ºͼӶĵȸĸȻ֮ĸͣͯ꣢

1854꣬ڱӻʥСΪûдǵܵκʵϣDzܷġ

1950꣬ڱӻʮͬڽϵһ֮屻ӵȥ

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ǵֲ˵20ϣȽϳʥĸĴİٺϣβѩǫгգңҽԼʥĸݣʥĸᡱʥĸסëػƣʥĸЬӡƶˣʥĸĽӡյݣʥĸĹʵݮʥĸıˡѹӢȵȡ

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ڽϱʥӤʥĸRoberto Ferruzzi1897

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ִϵʥĸ

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