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2015-1-25 09:31|鿴:7350|:0|:С

ڽ

ڽǶ羴һԣڽ̾һǶڵĽͣͨʽӡڽ̳һ׼ԵΪ

ڽ̰˷塢Ĺ£Ӧøڽʵڽ̵һԻڶϣֻǸڽ̵ձߵǹ졢ڤ˼ʽ֣⣬ڽ̻ἰγ໥֯ڽ̵ԼбΪȻζѧڽ̷ɵĵҪʽڽҲԭʼĻͳʥʷи˵ڽ뾭顣ڽ̵ķչԴӲͬĻȡ̬ͬʱŸĻIJ졣

ڽ̵ĴԴ

ںУڽ̱Ϊһ׺ʣ˵Ľ֡ߣҲ岴ʾʾߣ촹ʾҲӶҲۺԲʱʾҲʾ𾴺;ݡָʩЧڶһ㷴ڽΪӽֱԪ10ͣڽ̡һʲȼڷ𾭣硶¼Уסɽã޲ڽ̣Ժ۾ڽָӵĽ̻壬С塣ڽѧйѧ֮Ӱ죬ѧϽڽ̡롰Religionһʻ˵ȺţΪڽ̸ڽڲͬĻУڲͬĺ塣

Եġڽ̡ӢReligionԴԹʱReligioϣбľηϼ֮صĽǣȴδγڽ̵ضѧ֮ԡʹùRelegereΪжĬ룩ReligereΪӡСĿǣɼʱΪľ輯ע⣬档ѧҰ¹˹ڡڽ̡ùReligareˡ½ϣ˵֮йϵ¹˹ڡϵ֮ǡʹáRe-eligereʾϵ¾񼰾ϣҪ¿Ǻѡ޺áReligioһԭӦΪ˶ʥͳݣԼ֮Ľ޺áɴ˿ɼReligioڽ̸йȴͬŷ˲Religioƺ˹PaganismӢReligionָκڽ̡

ڽ̵Ķ

ڽŸָĶ壬ͼںܶ༫˵Ľͺҵƽ⡣ΪӦʽȥҲ˸ǿ顢ԡֱء

ҲʷIJͬ죬ڽһʻ㣬ָԼ壬пһнֵĶΪڽ̡ȡԹΪ̵ʽ⣬ؼǡΪ볡ġڡΪйʽӡ֮Ŀĵġ̡

ѧҺѧڰڽ̿һĹ塣ֳĸǻĻչġ

ִ֪ɮ;նڽ̵Ķ--ڡУҪġҪġ塣̡Уѧ̻غ塣

ڽ̰ٿȫ顷Уڽ̵Ķģ

In summary, it may be said that almost every known culture involves the religious in the above sense of a depth dimension in cultural experiences at all levelsa push, whether ill-defined or conscious, toward some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life. When more or less distinct patterns of behaviour are built around this depth dimension in a culture, this structure constitutes religion in its historically recognizable form. Religion is the organization of life around the depth dimensions of experiencevaried in form, completeness, and clarity in accordance with the environing culture."

룺ܵ˵ÿ֪Ļж˻ٵڽǻ˻ɻͼ硣ijЩΪ䷶ضһĻеõȷʱͽĻдʷӡڽʽȡŶȵȵȶӦͬĻͬлDzɱҪܵڽӰ졣

ڽѧҶڽµĶ壺

ڽѧ

ԡڽ̡ڹ

:ʥʵ̵ʥӰ֮˵ӦΪ

:˶޴ĿͰĽ

̩:Դڵ

:˶ָܹͿȻ̵ӭϡֺúŷ

ʩ:˶Գ˸֪֮

ն:ʥĽͨͽϣǶʥ

¡:Ķعϵ

:ԳȻ֮ʥ飬Ϊ˶ʥȾηĸ齻֯

ʩ:ڽ˶ľ

ϣ:ڽ˵ռ

ڽ̵Ԫ

һڽ֮ԳΪڽ̣Ϊ棬һΪڽ̵˼飨壩Ϊڽ̵ijΪǹ淶ǣΪڽ̵Ľְƶȼ֯ţ

ڽ̵ĽҪΪ͡顱֡

Թ

ڽ̾

η

ȸ

ظ

þ

ڽ

ڽ̵

ҩӦ

ڽϰ

˵ۼľη̬ڽ̵ؼڣʡһڽ̵ĸڽĶΪһֳȻֿȻʥʵڣΪ顢һ񣬻Ծߡߡߡߡ޴ߡԽʱ֮߳ΪԴ͹ޣһдڵĸݡȻڽ̶ⲻͬпǡڶ򡱡һпԡڡڡڣɴ˹ɶ̡һһ̡Ԫ̵ȣҲгۡ۵Ȳͬۡ

ڽ̶ĽΪѧѧڽ̴ʷݽвϱѧԾڽԷڽ̵ֱΪѧۻϵͳԷڽDzѧϵġ

׼

ڽ̵ijΪǹ淶ڽ̵ءֳڽ̽ʵҲӳڽ̴ͳĸĸPĻǹ淶ʽƶȻģݰסʥ¡ǡм淶

ǻڽ̵ϵʵĻǰΪṩݼָʹǰߵľȤƹ⻯ǰɲڹ͡㼯ڽ̾ҲǾۻȷʩеij̶ȣǽ弰ǽĻΧвһǹϵ

ڽ̵Ľְƶȼϵ磺̻ɮ٤ڽϵĻữڽ̵ǣȴֲɻȱһڽṩ˻ռһҲڱϡְƶڽ˿ɼ壬Ӷáʷϣ̳кһ˾ڽ̹ܵлϣ˵ڽһϵ

żְγɣ־ϵij죬ʵڽ̣˽弰ǣɴ͹ڽ̵ĶʶĻʷIJͬص㡣

ڽ̵Դ

ڽԴ׼ڽ󣬲ԭʼڽǰΪֽ֪ʶ̬֮һһ̶ȵڽأ޳Ȼĸڿδ񻯡޾֮һȫ룬ΪijЩжӰijЩ編ľΡʯȡ

ʯʱѨڻҰͼ鲼֮ۼΪзʡɽ˵ȵĹУʬۼɰʯѪɫзȻڽ̼γɣΪڽ̵ĸжоڽԴѧΪڽѧAnthropology of religionҪΪۡǰۡۡԭʼһۡۡ񻰽ṹѧ˵Լѧ˵ǰѧɣĻȦѧɡ

ӢѧҰ»ء̩ΪԭʼγڽǰС顱֮ڶӰӡӰ˯о˵֮һַʵĶʹ˾ξĸӰ󣬵δ֪Ķ뿪ʱɥʧҲֹ̩ͣճδ֪ĶΪAnimaԭʼȣһ֮½AnimaȻڽѧΪԭʼδֳҲδκοʵ֤

ǰ

ǰֳơۡض۵Ϊԭʼڲ顱֮֮ʱȾ߱һָΪǻģÿҲǻģԸԾԼĶΪǰᣬȻҲδκοʵ֤

ɸΪྫչڽ̣ٵѧһ׼ڽԭʼΪɿȻԭǽӴɻɣΪȡijһӰ֮ȫֻΪԸ֮Ӱ಻ʱתΪԳȻĸοʹȱ

Լѧ˵

Լѧ˵a disease of languageɵ¹ѧ˹ΪŴӡŷԳʻ٣ijЩԴʻ븳˸񻯵ϵ޷áֻȻ֣Ӵʻ˸񻯣ʵڸУɴ˵ηĶ𽥱ڸǣΪֱӵ֪롣

ԭʼһ

ԭʼһʩΪϵĻձĴڣɼڱ塢¸˼һ۲ϵڽ̣ʾڽ̷չ˻ƣۼ龫ڸǡ

Ӣѧŵ˹Ϊһϵ֮Ĺѧ۵ܳƣΪڽʽΪΪҪѹṩ̬飬ҲĴͳͼֵۣЩҪΪԡԼ淶档

񻰽ṹѧ˵

񻰽ṹѧ˵ɷѧάʷΪϲͬĵطԭʼйͬṹϵ£ֹǷչһһ񻰵ԭ

ڽ̵

ڽ

ڽǡ߼ȥ̽ڽ̣һ˫нɷҲɻ̡

߹۵شʷΪͻȣΪﶼϵҲӦ⣬ڽ˵ĵһ߼ԡڶΪѧij̶ȵԣǵ֪ѧҲһ̶ȵIJɲԣȻܷܿdzԾһеϵ֣֮Dzϱ仯Ŀѧʱۡ⣬ΪѧҳˡԭIJѧΪ֮ӣΪֱȷɵ˵˳߸ߵıΪ˼۾ĵһΪԭΪijֻȻһϵǴߣΪδ˷˹ôֲ壿ΪǷDZ׼ȡϵ۵Ļϵ۱ͲӦԿԣϵƣôͲòǷDZ׼ϵĶȥжϣѣΪ֮ࡣ

˹²ۻߣҪӡΪʲôձȻɡ֣ǿܶ˺һʼڣһֱڻ״̬ĿܶǷdzģָ߶˾ȵġѧģⲢڿѧδܽͣǿѧıʱijռȻɼʽṹ֡ռһܽһۣΪһϵۿ϶㣬Գ⣬˿ȻıȻ档۹۵Dz۵ģΪDzҪʵַ򵽵ǴӺζأҪôͣҪôӼͣһۼ͡

ִӿѧȥڽ̵ۣۼۣޡΪ̫˰ڽ̿һֻеͼ֤ݶڽȨ֪ʶڽѧűϵķֱ𣨷ۣÿѧȥ̻򻤽̽νģΪѰڲͬӦֶ֮ѧֻһѧڽҲֻһڽΪѧⲻ׼һƳϾ֤ۡ˵˵ǿЦġִҵǽֻۣʥ壬Ѵѧ

ڽ

ڽּڱڽ̵ıǵĻͳɹһֱߡʥߡ֮ԡСʩΪԿѧԻȥڽǷdzģѧʵԣͬࡢȥʵıȻԣԼչһϵռȨΪʲôڽԼһףܵ˵ڽǡԵС͸ֱ޵ĻЩɼġ羴һֱ棬ʶԼ֮СǫӶ𡰶޵Сָڽ̾Դʻԣת֮ԽȷԽڽ϶ȻڽǡԵġthe non-rationalע⣺ǡԡthe irrationalֻôʻ϶ԣȻ޵Dzܵģָߵıֱߡʥߡųκεأߡ˲ηС߸СС

۸һƳܵ߼ϵɣʩհָûеڽ̸ڽ̣֮ڽп֤DZڽǡԡģΪʲôڽп߼ȥ֤һ֤ڽ̰dzɷ֣ͱСȻбڽֻܿǡ⻭һִȥӽڽ̣ռʱԱӲѳӽԣ޿ɱʾijЩܹڽ̾ġѧ߸оָʶԵԪأ֮ԡһڽѧ߽ܲڽΪ˾飬ڽֻǸԼеۣȴûκԼ

ڽ־

ڽ־˹ղķʿ֮˵ֲȥѡ벻ţǷעáĶעᡣǰϵһľ񡱣ղķ˹ľΪġɻرܵġشֵġĿǰԸ۾ݣڿɼҲȫֻ֧Ʒڵ⣬DzίǶԥɥʧôҲпϵ۲ã벻ſɿһشĶעϵ۵ĴڣӮ˿ɻһУҲʧȥʲôȻϵ۵ĴڣӮֻϵʤȴʧȥ

־۵Ĺ۵㣬־Ϊۡһղķ˹ֻһԸΪڽ̿ɵõûȥ֤ʵп񷴶ҪҲ˵⣬ϵڽͽ˵ȷдڵģʷйëһˣͳڽͽΪϵۣиղķ˹˵ġϵۣͻҸ־۽ڽ̵ijԽСʥĨҪίĽͽΪִˣֻ˱ֻźô̽ʵ

ڽռ

ձϿضͬһһռĸԴձΪĹսһڽΪһεĴڣҲӦûռİԺͬһ֮С

ڽ̵ĶԻ

ѶڽᾭٷԸ㣬ȫһ廯ʵУγɡڽ̼ĶԻֻ桢ҪҲȴѳͻķǽ̻䡢Ǹڽ̼䣬ԽԽҪվԻиڽֱΪۡԪۼ沢ۡ

ڶڽֻһǾʵģĽΪһ־ԻĹ۵㣬Ҳڽ̵ıԣijڽ̲ΨһġôͲֵʵκһͽֻҪʾԼڽģȻһڵԡǴһڽ̵ͳֻΪԼֻίڸڽ̲ſɵõȣڽ̱ΪʵųʱΪ塢ųͽΪڽ̣֪ʷжʶ̬֮

½ǵ͵ڽ̣ڽ̵IJϵҲۡͳһѵ⡣⣬½ǿߵþȡɷΪֻһȹۣⲢеġ

ǣƽԶԻʱڣȥڽ̿ȣعڵ̣ɳǿȣҪΪÿʶ׷ʱɵؾԸĸ游ĸȵĹʽԹϵԴͷĶ񣩣Ҳɽʯè顢Ҽص顣ȻʱʱȡȻ廳ңֻdz̶нΪʵȷԶ졣

Ԫ

Ԫʮֲֻͬdz֮ΪϵͬЧ⡢ͻӦʽϣΪڽ̾Ϲ󡱵ĵDzܶ϶һڽ̲ģΪܿûȫ֤ʵڽֻǡͬĵƣͬĹ⡱

ȻԪΪƻڽ̵ıʣڽҲǶԵģǸڽ̽塢ʥǷȱ˶һԡϹǹһռʵIJͬ棬ȫˣβôҲܴ󡣳˵ʵ壬ڽվԻֻһϹ˵˵ȫ˵ȫ⣬ԪΪҪͽͽ̸Ҫ벻֪ߡȡùʶDzʵʵģֻһä˵һ̬ͨԽԽԶ

沢վԪ֮䣬һΪϵֻһȴְڽ̿ǡϷڽ̡ڽʾֻڽڽʱĻֵƫIJijһڽ̰ͳڽֻһЩĽͽǽ˲ȷȴִĹͳĽͽҪȥǡ

沢Ϊ۵沢۷һܲλãΪڽ̽ʾҲɵõ꣬ΪʲôҪ˵ͳڽ̣ĽͽǷĺ׼˵ȻҶĶ䣬һڽ̲ڽ̣һֲڽ̣Ҳʹü沢ͷֺá

ڽ̵Ӱ

ڽϸҺжڡĿǰΪֹûзĸûڽ̡ڽߵԶڽߡ

ڽ

ڽεĹϵܸӣڽӰ취ɡڽҲһʶ̬ϲ㽨һ֡ʷϣڽ̳ͳνײΪͳľ񹤾ߡһ棬ڽҲΪѹȵĹߡ

ִңڽɣŽ̵ɣҲвŽ̵ɣ̵ֽɣҲ̵ֽɣǹĻȨ֮һʱҶȡ̺һƶȣȨڽ̺϶ΪһڽǹԣֱչȨһڽ̳Ϊ̣̹ǹŷأûڽ̻ڽ̵ɣᱻΪǡͽ⵽ȺڹŴй˼Ӱ죬ڽ̵ɣڽ̱ĿСĿǰл񹲺͹϶ڽ̱԰Ϊ˼֮һ˼Ĺ۵Ϊᷢչ壬ڽ̽ʧ

ڽĻ

ڽ̵ķչУɱĻĻ

ڽ

ڽѧ

ڽ̻滭

ڽ̽

ڽϷ

ڽ赸

ڽ

ڽ̷

ڽѧ

ڽѧǶģ߲ӦΪһ̸ڽ̺ܶ˵޷δ֤ʵֱ˵ͬڵġֻ߼ݲʵڶܡⲻͬѧûڽ

ŷ˲Խ̻ΪΥʥе˶Կ̡ѧҶܵȺ粼³ŵ

Ҫڽ

½̡ʥ

̻

˹

̫

ӡȽ

̣˷ش˹̡С˷ɷ̡ձ

˽

˹½

Ħ

ڽ̣ĦŽҮͻ֤͹

ǽ

л̡˹̺ͷ̳Ϊڽ

Ƿڽ̵

Ƿڽ̣ڲͬһԣڽ̶򲻱ΪڽһҡѧΪһڽ̣ڲͬĿЩΪڽ̣ЩΪڽ̣Ҫȡڶ̺Ͷڽ̺⡣ӡȵأ̣׽̣Ϊڽ̡Σɷϣڽʽڵ̣׽̨̣壬й̻ᣬӡᣬп׽̻ᡣ

ìܻɫشҪԭԴȣ飩ձϰףͬ񻯵ɻǺڵĹعʥͿ֮ϣʵһֳݵԽΪԽǿǰӲģҶλΪֻµʦУųΡųȻ֣̽˵̹Ŀѧķ룬ȺѧˮƽΪƽµռĿꡣ



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