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ʱ:2014-8-20 13:13|鿴:4303|:0|:С

 

鶼˹Útilaе

 

裣ѧEretmochelys imbricataƵһֺ꣬Ψһһ֣x裡}cx顢ļסӥ캣ꡢʮꡢʮۡʮꡢ裡ǧ꣬飬Ϊ̫ƽ裣Eretmochelys imbricata bissa裣Eretmochelys imbricata imbricataֲַ֡dz㷺̫ƽ裷ֲӡ-̫ƽ裷ֲڴСֵģʽĺ

 

ΣIUCN 3.1

 

裵ƣбƽ塢ԵıסԼڻˮĽ״㣬Եصӥ๰죬Լ󲿾ݰԵܡȻ裷ֲڹĺУҪdzˮɺɺеපѨȸṩϢĵطɺлҪʳࡣЩеIJֶ˵Ǿ綾ģẬĸ߶ʣںͨд裨Ҫԭ֮һָܹ֮һҲΨһĺꡣ裵ʳﻹˮĸˮĸϺзͱ޼׵Լͺ塣

 

裵ļ׿ɫʰ쵵ĻƣһıʯΪΡܵƷԭϣ߹ţҸٵС֮ơ裹йǧʷˮƽƴѴﶥ壬ձ裹ҲܵйܴӰ졣裵Ĺ󣬵緶Χڵ٣ΣգĿǰֵı״ѱȻIUCNΪΣ״̬һЩңйձȡ裡䳲Ѩʳ͵Ϊ裵⵰ζ׿ǿҩ裵ıкܴѡĿǰܵΣҰֲֹó׹ԼCITESıܶѽֹԲ裣裲ƷҲֹڡ

 

 

  裷ֲΧ

 

 

1766걻ΪTestudo imbricata֮ɰµѧ²¡θLeopold Fitzinger1843꽫Eretmochelys1857ֱ꣬ΪEretmochelys imbricata squamata (Agassiz, 1857)һѾˡ

 

裵ķ൥Ԫϵ֣Eretmochelys imbricata bissa (Rppell, 1835)̫ƽе֪ȺһEretmochelys imbricata imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766)ʾڴеȺ֮Ϊָ֣ԭֵģʽ걾ȡԴ

 

θEretmochelysԴϣʸeretmoὲѦŦӦόchelysέ˦ςߵ˼ֱǡ͡ꡱ製ְ㡣ּӴimbricataΪ״صġڹͳ裱̬̫ƽ裵bissaԴΪ˫صġΪCaretta bissaʹ裳ΪPCarettaгPΨһ֡

 

ݻʷ

 

еĺУ幹̬ϰһЩһ޶Ща֪ΨһһҪԺΪʳж裹ڶأλЩȷӷ֧ǴʳȶDzʳȽĹ۵㣬裺ܿʳ֣P꣩ɵP壨Carettiniɲʳ֣P꣩ɵĺ壨Chelonini

 

ѪѧоҲPCarettaLepidochelysԵϵϺChelonia

 

صĶϵͳHirayama, 1997, 1998, Lapparent de Broin, 2000, et Parham, 2005

 

 

ͼƬԴάٿ

 

 

 

裱ģʽͼ

 

 

ͷģʽͼ

 

 

裱ֻ裱Ͽؿ13ƬƬԼ󲿾״Ե

 

 

裶ص

 

һе͵ĺбƽ塢ԵıסԼڻˮĽ״㡣һԳɹ峤Ϊ0.60.8ף峤ͽϴ߿ɴ1ףɴ1.7ףƽһɴ4580ǧˣʷص裴ﵽ210ǧˡԵص򦹳ӥ๰㣬Ҳ֮һӥ캣ꡱԭ裵ͷϳǰ2ɫɫۼףǿϽDzձƽǰ˸2צ˸1צǰ󣬽խСϿ̣Ӿʱ̬һ㡣

 

裱׵Ķܰ쳣񣬳ϵԵܾʾ״䱳ƽʱ׳Σ䳤ԣ׹걳3⣬һΪɫвdzһ״ƣΪɫغɫӱ׵вԵ䡣׹ĸһ5´ʼ裵һصصıף5Ƭ׵ܺ4߶н縲ߣ裵ĶƬнƽá׵ܺ߶ܼ13Ƭ˱׵壬ʮꡱʮۡ͡ʮꡱǸصġ2Ƭζصĩнϴ϶11Եڱ࣬󲿵Եصֳ״Ե裵ļ׿dzȿɴԼ1סΪɫɫʱغɫߵ㣬2⣬13ƬۼɡͷβڣƽΪ״еĺɫС߿飬ɫϡڰߣβ϶̣ڼڡ裴۲Ϊԣ۹ȴƹɫޣ۹βִװݣצƹβСƽ̹צ̡

 

֤ݱ裵ıװƤϸMalpighian cellˣŹ󺣣ףڡͼҲԴصѦ֮Ϻߣȡϼ׶СƬϵۣԱٶʹլأҴDz;ɴӡ

 

̫ƽ裱׸ΣȫͷĺɫΪɫ裵Եнӽֱߣβ񣬼β4׵ͷĺɫΪdzɫ

 

ɳ̲ϵ㼣DzԳƵģΪ½ϲʱǰҺͬʱжǰͬʱжPƤԳƵIJ̬ȫͬġ

 

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裵һֲַģʽͼ
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裷ֲdz㷺Ҫֲӡ̫ƽʹȴɺ͵ȴˮ򺣹ꡣ֪裹ҪȺֱǴȺӡ-̫ƽȺDNAPCRѱȫȺͬʱҲΪоͬȺڼȺʳķѧṩϢ

 

ӡ-̫ƽȺ

 

ӡ-̫ƽȺ鲼ӡ-̫ӡУ½˹ԼȺΧˮһֳꣻӡеķֲһֱذ˹ͺ캣ӡȴδ½ߡӡȺԼĴ̫ƽеķֲϾȴȴֲdzʰ뵺ձе϶ˮ򣻷ֲǵĴ󱱺Ͼ͵˷ֲϽ硪ֲ̫ƽ󵽴̫ƽ󶫲࣬˱ī¼ǰ뵺Ͻ֮غĿǰī̫ƽ󺣰Ѿϡˡ

 

ڷɱȺУж֪ijλ糤̲BoracayϾֹһЩշɹꡣλڷɱȺϲһСȺѱΪȺڸõ裺P꣨Chelonia mydasijλ֮һģҪߺï˵Ħ忭Լĵ⼸ϴҪڰĴǣ󱤽е׶Milman IsletӡУ裵ijλԶõCousine Islandش1994֡ڴССĵ죬簢ﲼȺAldabra Island裾ѵ

 

̫ƽ󶫲裳ī¼ǰ뵺ذڼǰ裱ΪڴھҪijλʳؽī硢߶ࡢԼ϶ΪоͱṩµĻᡣ̫ƽ󶫲裶뺣ںʳֲϣ˹壨Bahia de Jiquiliscoڽ߶ࣩ壨Golfo de Fonsecaڽϡ߶ͺ鶼˹Estero Padre Ramosڽϣǻ壨Golfo de GuayaquilڽӶ϶ȵأɺͺʯƻ̫ƽ裼ƻEastern Pacific Hawksbill InitiativeоͱΪ˽Ⱥ

 

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ڴУ裵ķֲī壬޴½϶ˣߵij塣ڴ󶫲࣬裳ûӢϿĺˮУΪֹˣ裵ķֲϿ޺ǡ ձرǰذϲ裣ڰϺͰͲĺ̲Ҳ裳֣˹Ҳ裵ijλҪжͼޣTortugueroŰ͵ͲĪɵIsla de MonaΧˮǼձȺȻȴ꣬ĸγȵݺͳҲ裳ûذˮҲ

 

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Ϣ

 

һں18.3ϵˮлһлڼȫͬϢҪȴɺлʱǻɺеපѨнɺеපѨȸṩϢĵطΪһֳǨĺ꣬ǵϢظָ뺣ڴĺǶԴڽ׶εƫõϢ֪֮٣Ʋ꺣һڴйŸֱʱŻ뿪ǵļҡ

 

ʳ

 

 

ίɺе

 

ϲɺ½ܻdzdz̲ʳȻʳԶҪʳǺࡣռ˼ձȺʳ7095%ǵʳܴձȵһƽ544ǧ˺ࡣԺΪʳĶһֻʳضĺ֣֮಻ΪǵʳձҪʳѰ٣DemospongiaeرǹǺĿAstrophoridaĿSpirophorida֦Ƶ3ƣͺĿHadromeridaࣻʳõĺ֪Geodia gibberosaһֱк఼ܶIJࣩ

 

⣬裵ʳﻹԼˮĸͺȴ̰裻ʳΪΣյˮٶɮñˮĸPhysalia physalisڲʳЩ̰ʱûбṹ۾ɮñˮĸľ綾Ĵϸ͸ۼ׵ͷ裾ͲܵвʱҲᲶʳϺзͱ࣬ǵ˫ʮҧзǼΪӲʵıǣ˫౴ࡣ裵Ϊ䲶ʳɺ϶еСϺṩ˷㣬ӥ๰㹳׵Ľǹ

 

裶кǿӦ͵ֿʳһЩ࣬Aaptos aaptosɫ״κࣨChondrilla nuculaTethya actiniaɫɫ״żгɫ壩Spheciospongia vespariumɫ̳״ͼľзƤࣨSuberites domuncula˵Ǿ綾ġ⣬裻ѡЩʹĺΪʳAncorinaࣨGeodiaEcionemiaPlacospongia

 

 

쳣ʵļ׿ǣûʲôҪУΪжҧǵĿǡ裵УijЩҲᲶʳ裡裾ʳ࣬ϻijЩŵζȡʳжĺʹ̰к൱ˮƽĶԣʱʹijЩлȴ裵Ϊͣ׽ʱǻҧ˵ľٶûܵ˺Dzġ

 

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Ƕ裵ʷ˽Ⲣࡣ

 

ֳ

 

 

 

ÿ23꽻һΣǻصأƫƧϵνнн䣻裵ķֳһ411£ӡȺķֳ92£̫ƽУйغһÿ34·ֳǵĺ굺ϣ710²ѡϲ㣬в֪һһһƻҽ䡣һڰߵdzˮнУһ۹꾲صȴƹǰʱ۹Ҳ׷ƹ꣬dzƹÿֳܲ36ѣÿ1416ղһѡһǽĺԶdzˮн䣬ڽ󣬴ƹdzص嵥ϰѡǻѡһƬɾȻúڸӣΪԼijѨһѨֱԼΪ20ףԼΪ3060סһҪ13Сʱ֮ƹһѣɳĨƽαװǵڳأʹ㾡ĨƽԼ㼣ɳ̲ϻǻԵм׾ٵ͵ǵѡ45к궼Ҫ졣裵ΪɫΣǸʣֱԼΪ34.5ף2031.6ˡһ˵һβ120130öձȵͷݵ裳Ѩÿͨ140öҵѣܰ250öѡСʱIJѹ̽󣬴ƹͻ᷵ش󺣡Ŀǰ֪뿪Ψһɡ

 

2ңѾͻijҹճǵɹͨΪ819.5ˣ̫ƽ裵ɹȴ裵ɹСЩշɹɫҰ׿dzΣ2.54.6ף裵ĿôӲǶƬѳʸ״СǵͷȻһȴתPɹƣһԵֻ4ԵܣPɹ5Եܡǵһ£׺ͷΪƺɫͷӥ๰ΪɫǰΪɫ󲿱ԵԴɫ͸׾Ϊɫ׺׵ļǺǾͻ᱾ܵı󺣣DZӳںϵ¹ֱΪᱻ·ƵΪԴңͻʹʧ򣬵ǰܵ󺣡ɹҰɫڰdzۣЩǰûеﺣеɹͻᱻˮͷзGrapsidaeʳڹڸˮ

 

 

 

һֻɹ

 

 

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޷ȷе˽С裵ijɳƲɹ뺣󣬻ɹһδ׶ڹŸ׶ʱԲȷȻ裵вȷ֪裳35׳ʱǻϸεʽȻ̶һɺĽ

 

 

һҪ2030Żȫ졣һĴ󲿷ʱǻ¶εںУֻڽʱDzŻۣƴ׵ġȥʡод裹£ԧżӳ裵ص㡣ȥΪ裺Ǩ㣬Ѿ֪һֳǨĶ

 

ȻݵȱǶ裵޹ʶһΪҰ裵Ϊ5070꣬ٵľ˵ɴﵽ1500꣬裵õˡǧꡱı

 

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ȥһΪ裵ȺûвģΪֳܳڳֳҲϸߣȺζ࣬ڵױ֡ʵϣ裵ķֳȻߣһɹijɻ൱ܶ͡꺣걻ɱ裻УDZ㹳סֻʹֻײijλҲᱻͶռСͲ鶯ϮǵijλѵڳʳáάȺϣ裡ƤȺijѨѸղº󣬾ͻᱻBϮGenettaɳзOcypodeҲϮǵijѨ

 

 

͸絺

 

ʷϣ1982걻IUCNΪΣ״̬֮1986ꡢ1988ꡢ19901994ļж֣1996IUCNΣֺɫ¼裵ı״̬ΪΣ裱ΪΣʱ˷ԣԸ裼3緶ΧӵжҪȶȺIUCNݺר飨MTSGύݷЩԸרṩݱڹȥȺѳ80%ÿѵijƹ8487%1996ȺӡЩڲ޷˼Ưںʳ꺣꣬Եóݴ͹ȺļˣЩݣIUCN裶ΪCR A1״̬CR A2ΪIUCNΪûгݱ裵Ⱥڽһ80%ϡ

 

 

̫ƽ裣E. i. bissa󲿾ݰԵܷdz

 

Լֶ롶ΣҰֲֹó׹ԼCITESĸ¼У裲ƷɱԲ裾DzϷΪҲ롶ҰֹԼCMSĸ¼һС

 

ڹȥļУԱŬҲԽԽ࣬ʵʱԵķɷԼȻȡ༰Ұﱣ֣UniTED States Fish and Wildlife ServiceҺҵ֣National Marine Fisheries Service1970ͽΪΣ֣ܵΣַEndangered Species ActıΪصȺҲʵصʵ˶λָƻйҶص㱣Ұ¼ڹ㶫ʡѽб裡PȺֵĻݶۿںȻܵ1988118ɵ߽ȫ᳣ίԱĴλͨ198931ִеġл񹲺͹Ұﱣ

 

ǣȻɱ裲Ϸ緶Χкܶ˲裡ijЩΪζȱʳá磬ڹԪǰ5ͣ裵ȺͱйΪɽ亣ζ1994ձֹͣ裿ǣڴ֮ǰձδӹ裿ǵóﵽÿ30,000ҡó׵ĴԭϾԼձȵ2006꣬дѼӹ裿DZִӸõĶӹ͹͸ױǵȹҶڳڡ20012005꣬ŰCITESȵݽ᰸ڿ裿Ǻ裣ͶƱʱƱ֮δͨձջ᰸Ŀǰйʡ˲˷˽ƷⶼӴ˱裵Ѷȡ

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